ATARI VCS/2600 NTSC/PAL/SECAM Scanline List 

 

Different television standards in different parts of the world are the main obstacle to the international distribution of Atari products.  The U.S., Canada and a few other countries use the National Television Systems Committee (NTSC) scheme, which is geared to the use of 6OHz of electricity and 525 horizontal scan lines.  In Europe, two Systems have emerged.  One, called SECAM (Sequential with Memory), is the standard in France, while PAL (Phase Alternate by Line) is standard in Germany, England and many other countries.  Both SECAM and PAL typically use 50 Hz of electricity and 625 scan lines.  Complicating matters, all three standards use different systems for coding the red, green and blue color components of a TV picture, resulting in many subsets: PAL-I (for the UK), PAL-B (for Germany), PAL-M (for South America, which uses 60 Hz but has PAL-centric colors), PAL-N, etc.  There's also a Japanese version of NTSC.  Here's a map of the world with what each country uses:

 

Having an odd # of scan lines will result in color loss on PAL TVs, or with problems recording with a VCR.  There are however a lot of games which don't match the standard exactly.  For known NTSC games you can find values from 248 to 286, and for PAL from 284 to 342.  So, it's not easy to tell for games around 280-290 lines whether they are PAL or NTSC.  The more the value is off the standard value, the more TVs get sync problems.  Often these games may be stable enough to run on both NTSC and PAL systems.  These are the ideal specs that Atari adhered to:

100% standard compatible NTSC games display 262 lines per frame at 60Hz

100% standard compatible PAL games display 312 lines at 50Hz

Games in both versions will be off about the same (NTSC will be ~10% faster and PAL ~7% slower).  Most companies developed games in NTSC and later converted them to PAL.  Since programmers were mainly concerned with having a stable image and acceptable colors, no time was spent on adjusting gameplay so that it ran identical to the NTSC version.  What this means for players is, in most cases, playing a PAL version of a game compared to an NTSC version gives the PAL player an advantage, both in time and difficulty (due to PAL games running slower).  In addition, the PAL version will offer a larger playfield.  Check out these NTSC vs PAL comparisons:

Here's the color palette the console provides on each TV standard:

 

A few companies (Atari, Activision, CBS, Apollo?  Spectravision?) made SECAM-specific carts.  Most were simply PAL carts with different labels or “S” stickers on them but some were actually a bit different code-wise, with adjustments for color.  Below is a list of known SECAM titles:

SECAM systems have the color/b&w switch hardwired to b&w, which means it reads the PAL b&w values and assigns them a fixed color to each lum of b&w, according to the following table:

LUM COLOR
0 black
2 blue
4 red
6 magenta
8 green
A cyan
C yellow
E white

PAL sounds work fine on SECAM with one exception: when a sound is to be turned off, it must be done by setting AUDV0/AUDV1 to 0, NOT by setting AUDC0/AUDC1 to 0.  If you don’t, you’ll get an obnoxious background sound!

To see how many scanlines a game produces with the Z26 emulator, press Alt + 9; for Stella users, press Alt + L.

Darrell Spice Jr. has an excellent website on programming for the 3 different TV formats.

Here is a near-complete list of every released game with the # of scanlines each format (NTSC or PAL):

GAME  SCAN LINES (NTSC) SCAN LINES (PAL)
unknown "bear" game    
unknown "drag race" game (Universal) 258 N/A
unknown "maze" game (Datatech) 272 (title) / 269 (game) N/A
unknown "squares" game (ver. 1) (Activision) 258 N/A
unknown "squares" game (ver. 2) (Activision) 258 N/A
unknown "tower" game (Activision) 290 N/A
32-in-1 N/A 314
3-D Genesis 261 N/A
3-D Ghost Attack 260-261 N/A
3-D Havoc 263 N/A
3-D Rubik's Cube 262 N/A
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 262                                         312
A Game of Concentration 262 312
Acid Drop  N/A 328
Action Man Action Force N/A 314
Actionauts (release) 262 N/A
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Tower of Mystery   N/A
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Treasure of Tarmin   N/A
Adventure                               262 312
Adventures of TRON 262 312
Air Raid 290 (title) / 291-292 (game) N/A
Air Raiders   263                                           312
Airlock  257 N/A
Air-Sea Battle  261                                         312
Alien                                       262 N/A
Alligator People, The 262 N/A
Alpha Beam with Ernie  262                                         312
Amidar                                    262                                         310
AndroMan on the Moon 263 N/A
Anteater   N/A
Aquaventure                           269 N/A
Armor Ambush   262                                         314
Artillery Duel  241-240  259-258
Assault   262                                         312
Asterix                                    262                                         312
Asteroid Fire  N/A 288
Asteroids (ver. 1)    262  
Asteroids (ver. 2)    265                                         311-313
Astroblast                              264                                         326
Astrowar N/A                                        306
Atari Video Cube 263 N/A
Atlantis 262                                         314
Atlantis II 262                                         N/A
Atom Smasher 263 N/A
A-Team, The 262                                     N/A
Bachelor                                 257  
Bachelorette                           263  
Backgammon                          262                                         312
Bank Heist   262                                         N/A
Barnstorming  262                                         308
Base Attack  N/A                                     314
Basic Math  262                                         312
BASIC Programming    262                                         312
Basketball   262                                         312
Battlezone                              262                                         312
Beamrider                               262                                         312
Beany Bopper  262 N/A
Beat ‘Em and Eat ‘Em  263  
Berenstein Bears   262                                         N/A
Bermuda Triangle 264 N/A
Berzerk                                   262                                         312
Bi! Bi!    336
Big Bird’s Egg Catch   262                                         312
Bionic Breakthrough  262 (title) / 253 (game) N/A
Birthday Mania    
Blackjack   262                                         312
Blue-Print  262                                         312
BMX Airmasters 262                                         314
Bobby is Going Home   N/A                                    314
Boggle 256 N/A
Boing                                       251                                         306
Bouncin' Baby Bunnies 260 (title) / 262 (game) N/A
Bowling  262                                         312
Boxing   262                                         312
Brain Games  262                                         312
Breakout  262                                         312
Bridge                                     262  
Buck Rogers: Planet of Zoom 240                                         280 (title) / 296-297 (game)
Bugs Bunny    262 N/A
Bugs  263                                         N/A
Bump ‘N Jump   262 312
Bumper Bash 262 316
BurgerTime                              261  
Burning Desire  262  
Cabbage Patch Kids: Adventures in the Park 267 N/A
Cakewalk  261                                         310
California Games  262                                         312
Canyon Bomber  262 N/A
Care Bears 238 N/A
Carnival  262 310
Casino  262 312
Cat Trax   264 N/A
Cathouse Blues   262  
Centipede     262                                         312
Challenge N/A                                     312
Championship Soccer 262 310
Chase the Chuck Wagon  252                                         N/A
Checkers   262 N/A
China Syndrome  263 312
Chopper Command  262 312
Chuck Norris Superkicks 267 (title) / 266 (maze) / 264 (arena) N/A
Circus Atari  262 312
CocoNuts  258  
Codebreaker   262 312
Color Bar Generator  262 N/A
Combat  263 312
Combat Two 262 312
Commando 263                                         312
Commando Raid  263                                         N/A
Communist Mutants From Space 262                                         312
Compumate   324
Computer Chess 263 N/A
Condor Attack  264                                         312
Confrontation  262 N/A
Congo Bongo 261/262  312
Cookie Monster Munch 262                                         312
Cosmic Ark 262                                         312
Cosmic Communter    259                                         N/A
Cosmic Corridor   263 N/A
Cosmic Creeps  261 306
Cosmic Swarm  262 312
Crack’ed  262 N/A
Crackpots 262 N/A
Crash Dive    262                                         312
Crazy Climber  264 312
Cross Force   265   308
Crossbow   262 312
Crypts of Chaos  262 N/A
Crystal Castles   262 312
Cubicolor  262 N/A
Custer’s Revenge  258  
Dancing Plate   N/A 312
Dark Cavern    262                                         N/A
Dark Chambers 262                                         312
Deadly Duck 262                                         N/A
Death Trap 262                                         N/A
Decathlon    262 314
Defender II  262 312
Defender  262 312
Demolition Herby  262 312
Demon Attack   262 312
Demons to Diamonds    261 312
Depth Charge 263 N/A
Desert Falcon    281 284 (title) / 286 (game)
Diagnostic cart  268 304-310
Dice Puzzle    N/A 314
Dig Dug   262 312
Dodge ‘Em 260-261 (text) / 261-262 (pic) 312
Dolphin   262 N/A
Donald Duck’s Speedboat Race 262 312
Donkey Kong 262 312
Donkey Kong Junior 262 326
Double Dragon  262 312
Double Dunk   262 314
Dragon Defender  N/A 297
Dragonfire   262 312
Dragonstomper  262 312
Dragster    262 312
Dukes of Hazzard (ver. 1)  278 N/A
Dukes of Hazzard (ver. 2)  274 N/A
Dumbo's Flying Circus 286 312
Dune   259 N/A
E.T.   262  312
Earth Dies Screaming  262  N/A
Eggomania  263 N/A
Elevator Action  262  N/A
Eli’s Ladder  260 N/A
Elk Attack 263 N/A
Encounter at L-5  262 N/A
Enduro   262 312
Entity, The  262 N/A
Entombed   261 N/A
Equalizer   264/265 N/A
Escape from the Mindmaster   262   312
Espial    259 (title) / 261 (game)  310
Exocet  N/A 296
Fantastic Voyage  262 N/A
Farmyard Fun   N/A 281
Fast Eddie  262 N/A
Fast Food 257 302
Fatal Run N/A  312
Fathom  262 312
Final Approach   266 N/A
Fire Fighter 261  312
Fire Fly   260 N/A
Fireball  262 312
Fishing Derby  262 312
Flag Capture 262 N/A
Flash Gordon   262 N/A
Football  262 N/A
Forest   N/A 320
Frankenstein's Monster 265 N/A
Freeway  262 312
Frisco N/A 320
Frog Pong (ver. 1)   263 N/A
Frog Pong (ver. 2)   262 N/A
Frogger 262 312
Frogger II: Threeedeep! 262 312
Frogger, The Official 262 312
Frogs and Flies  262 312
Front Line  263 (title) / 264 (game) N/A
Frostbite  262 312
Funky Fish 250 (title) / 278 (game) N/A
G.I. Joe: Cobra Strike 262 N/A
Galaxian  262 312
Gamma Attack 265-266 312
Gangster Alley   263  312
Garfield  261 N/A
Gas Hog  261/262  314
Gauntlet   262 N/A
Ghost Manor  262 312
Ghostbusters  262 312
Ghostbusters II N/A 308
Gigolo  262  
Glacier Patrol     261 312
Glib 262 N/A
Go Go Home Monster N/A 322
Going-Up?? 262 N/A
Golf  262 312
Golf Diagnostic 262 N/A
Good Luck, Charlie Brown 256 N/A
Gopher   264 N/A
Gorf  260 306
Grand Prix   262 312
Gravitar  262 N/A
Great Escape  261 310
Gremlins   262 N/A
Grover’s Music Maker   262 N/A
Guardian   262 N/A
Gyruss  264 312
H.E.R.O.   263 312
Halloween 262 N/A
Hangman  262 312
Harem 244 (title) / 247 (game) N/A
Haunted House   262 312
Holey Moley  262 N/A
Home Run  262 N/A
Human Cannonball  262 312
I.Q. Memory Teaser 268-269 N/A
Ice Hockey  262 312
Ikari Warriors  267/268 318
Imagic cart selector  262 N/A
Immies and Aggies  259 N/A
Impossible Game, The   N/A
In Search of the Golden Skull   N/A
Indy 500  261 312
Inca Gold 265  
Infiltrate   264  312
International Soccer  262 316
IQ-180   269 N/A
Ixion 260 (title) / 261 (game) N/A
James Bond 007  254-257 N/A
Jawbreaker  264 312
Journey Escape  263 N/A
Joust  261 312
Jr. Pac-Man   262 312
Jungle Fever  262  
Jungle Hunt  262 312
Kabobber  262 N/A
Kaboom! 262 312
Kamikaze Saucers 267 N/A
Kangaroo  260  310 (title) / 312 (game)
Karate    269  
Keystone Kapers  262 312
Kickman   N/A
King Kong    264  312
Klax 262  312
Knight on the Town  265  
Kool-Aid Man 262 (title) / 261 (game) N/A
Krull    262 N/A
Kung Fu Superkicks: Pursuit of the Ninja N/A 312 (title/maze) / 310 (arena)
Kung-Fu Master 262 312
Lady in Wading 265  
Laser Blast   262 312
Laser Gates  262 312
Lasercade   262 N/A
Lilly Adventure  N/A 316
Lochjaw   268 N/A
Lock ‘N Chase  262  312
Loco-Motion   N/A
Locomotive   N/A
London Blitz   257 N/A
Looping      258 N/A
Lord of the Rings, The: Journey to Rivendell  262 N/A
Lost Luggage 260 308
M*A*S*H  262 312
M.A.D. 262 N/A
Madden Football N/A
Magicard   262 N/A
Malagai   262 N/A
Mangia   260  314
Marauder  263    312
Marine Wars  264 318
Mario Bros. 262   312
Mark of the Mole   N/A
Master Builder  261 314
Masters of the Universe: The Power of He-Man 262 N/A
Math Grand Prix  262 312
Maze Craze: A Game of Cops 'n Robbers 262 312
McDonald's: Golden Arches Adventure 262 N/A
MegaBoy Educational Cartridge 262 N/A
MegaForce  262 316
Megamania  262 312
Meltdown 262 N/A
Midnight Magic   261 312
Millipede (GCC)  N/A 295
Millipede (Atari) 262 312
Mind Maze   286 N/A
Miner 2049er   261 314
Miner 2049er II  263 320
Mines of Minos 261 304
Miniature Golf  262   312
Miss Piggy’s Wedding (ver. 1)  237 N/A
Miss Piggy’s Wedding (ver. 2)  237 N/A
Miss Piggy’s Wedding (ver. 3)  260 N/A
Missile Command  262 312
Missile Control  N/A  314
Mission 3,000 A.D.    312
Mission Survive   N/A   314
Mogul Maniac  261 N/A
Mole Hunter N/A 336
Monstercize 262 N/A
Montezuma’s Revenge 262 N/A
Moon Patrol   256 312
Moonsweeper  262 312
Motocross   N/A 332
Motocross  Racer 262 N/A
Motorodeo  262 312
Mountain King 262 N/A
Mouse Trap 263 312
Mr. Do!    260 N/A
Mr. Do!’s Castle  265 N/A
Mr. Postman  N/A 314
Ms. Pac-Man   262 312
Music Machine, The 249 N/A
My Golf   N/A 315
Mysterious Thief, A 261 N/A
Name This Game 263 N/A
Nexar, The Challenge of  262 306
Night Driver    262 312
Night Stalker N/A 316
Nightmare    272                                         320
No Escape   262                                         312
Nuts N/A 308
Obelix 262 312
Off the Wall    262 314
Off Your Rocker  262 N/A
Oink! 262 312
Omega Race  264 N/A
Open Sesame  N/A 312
Oscar’s Trash Race 262    314
Othello    262    312
Out of Control 262    N/A
Outlaw  262    312
Pac-Man  262    312
Panda Chase N/A 296
Parachute N/A 293
Party Mix   262 312
Peek-A-Boo  272 N/A
Pengo    262 312
Pepsi Invaders   262 N/A
Pete Rose Baseball  262 N/A
Phantom Tank  N/A 312
Pharaoh’s Curse  N/A 298
Phasor Patrol  262                                         312
Philly Flasher  260  
Phoenix  262                                         312
Pick 'N' Pile  N/A  315
Pick-Up  262 N/A
Picnic    263 N/A
PictureMate   N/A
Piece ‘O Cake   263 N/A
Pigs in Space  262 312
Pitfall  262 312
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns  262 312
Pizza Chef  269 N/A
Planet of the Apes 263 N/A
Planet Patrol  262 312
Plaque Attack  262 312
Pleiades  260 N/A
Polaris 262 312
Pole Position  262 302
Polo  262 N/A
Pompeii  269 N/A
Pooyan    262 N/A
Popeye 267 296
Porky's 265-272 (attract) / 269-273 (game) N/A
Power Lords 256 (1st screen) / 258 (2nd screen) N/A
Pressure Cooker  262 312
Private Eye    262 312
Pursuit of the Pink Panther   N/A
Q*bert  262 312
Q*bert’s Qubes  262 N/A
Quadrun   262 N/A
Quest for Quintana Roo  262 312
Quick Step   262 312
Rabbit Transit 262 312
Racquetball   258 300
Racer 269 N/A
Racing Car N/A 320
Radar Lock   262 326
Raft Rider  263 N/A
Raiders of the Lost Ark 262 312
Ram It   263 306
Rampage  275-276 314
Reactor  262 314
RealSports Baseball   262 N/A
RealSports Basketball  290 N/A
RealSports Boxing  261 308
RealSports Football   261 N/A
RealSports Soccer   262 312
RealSports Tennis 265 312
RealSports Volleyball  262 312
Red Sea Crossing 284/282 N/A
Rescue Terra 1   263 N/A
Revenge of the Beefsteak Tomatoes 262 N/A
Riddle of the Sphinx  263 312
River Patrol   259  
River Raid 262 312
River Raid II    262 312
Road Runner  264 314
Robin Hood    264 314
Robot Tank  262 312
Roc'n Rope 267 N/A
Rocky and Bullwinkle 262 N/A
Room of Doom 262 312
Rubik’s Cube 263 N/A
Rush Hour 273 N/A
S.A.C. Alert 262 312
Saboteur 262 N/A
Save Mary   272 314
Save Our Ship N/A 290
Save the Whales  268 N/A
Sea Battle   262 N/A
Sea Hawk  N/A 308
Sea Monster   N/A 312
Seaquest    262 312
Secret Agent  261 N/A
Secret Quest  267 314
Sentinel  268  
Shark Attack  262 312
Shootin’ Gallery   262 N/A
Shooting Arcade  260 314
Shuttle Orbiter   261 N/A
Sinistar    262 N/A
Sir Lancelot   263 308-310
Skateboardin’  262 312
Skeet Shoot  261 314
Ski Hunt  N/A 296
Ski Run  N/A 308
Skiing 262 312
Skindiver N/A 316
Sky Alien N/A 312
Sky Blazer   N/A
Sky Diver  262 314
Sky Jinks   262 312
Sky Patrol  264 N/A
Sky Skipper  262  312
Slot Machine  262  312
Slot Racers  262  312
Smurf Saves the Day  262  N/A
Smurf: Rescue in Gargamel’s  263 N/A
Snail Against Squirrel  N/A 314
Sneak ‘N Peek  262  N/A
Snoopy & the Red Baron 262 312
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (ver. 1)   262-263 N/A
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (ver. 2)   260-263 N/A
Snowplow   N/A
Solar Fox   262 312
Solar Storm  262 312
Solaris   262 312
Solo   N/A
Sorcerer  262 N/A
Sorcerer’s Apprentice  262 312
Space Attack 261 312
Space Cavern 259 312
Spacechase  264 294
Space Invaders  262 312
Space Jockey   262 N/A
Space Shuttle   262 312
Space Tunnel 272 314
Space War   262 312
Spacemaster X-7  261 N/A
Spider Fighter   262 314
Spider Kong N/A 310
Spider-Man  263 312
Spike’s Peak  262 312
Spinning Fireball  268-269 304
Springer   274 332
Sprintmaster   263 314
Spy Hunter 260 N/A
Squeeze Box  263 N/A
Squoosh  267 N/A
Sssnake  264 N/A
Stampede   262 312
Star Fox   268 N/A
Star Raiders   262 312
Star Ship  262 N/A
Star Strike  266  314
Star Trek: Strategic Operations Simulator 260 284-286
Star Voyager 262 312
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 262 314
Star Wars: Return of the Jedi - Death Star Battle 262 314
Star Wars: Return of the Jedi - Ewok Adventure 262 312
Star Wars: The Arcade Game 262 312
Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back 261 314
Stargate    262 312
Stargunner  267  
Starmaster     262 312
Steeplechase  (Atari)  262 N/A
Steeplechase (Video Gems)  N/A 314
Stellar Track  261 N/A
Stone Age    246 N/A
Strategy X 264-266 N/A
Strawberry Shortcake 262 314
Street Racer   262 312
Stronghold 262  
Stunt Cycle  281 N/A
Sub-Scan  265 N/A
Submarine Commander  266 N/A
Subterranea  262  312
Suicide Mission  262  312
Summer Games  262  312
Super Baseball    264 310-314
Super Breakout  262 312
Super Challenge Baseball   262 314
Super Challenge Football  262 320
Super Cobra   267 298
Super Football   262 312
Superman   262 306
Surf’s Up  262 N/A
Surfer's Paradise but Danger Below!   N/A 312
Surround   262 312
Survival Island  262 312
Survival Run  261 N/A
Survival Run (Data Age prototype) 261 N/A
Sweat      261 N/A
Sword of Saros  261 312
Sword Fight    25 N/A
SwordQuest EarthWorld  262 312
SwordQuest FireWorld 263-269 314
SwordQuest WaterWorld 262 N/A
Tac-Scan  267 N/A
Tape Worm 261 310
Tapper   261-262 N/A
Targ 261 N/A
Tax Avoiders 251 N/A
Taz   262 N/A
Telepathy   271 N/A
Tempest   262 N/A
Tennis 262 312
Texas Chainsaw Massacre, The 267 (title) / 260 (game) N/A
Threshold  274 312
Thunderground   264 N/A
Thwocker 262 N/A
Time Pilot  260 N/A
Time Warp N/A 292
Title Match Pro Wrestling 263 312
Tomarc the Barbarian 264 N/A
Tomcat: The F-14 Flight Simulator 262 314
Towering Inferno  262 N/A
Track & Field  262 312 (L.A. 1984 Games prototype)
Treasure Below  N/A 312
Trick Shot   262 312
TRON Deadly Discs   260 312
Tunnel Runner   261 N/A
Turbo   N/A
Turmoil   262   
Tutankham    262  312
Universal Chaos  265 314
Up ‘N Down  262 N/A
Vanguard   262 312
Venture  261 N/A
Video Checkers    262 312
Video Chess  262 312
Video Jogger   258 N/A
Video Life   262 N/A
Video Olympics 262 312
Video Pinball  262 312
Video Reflex 264 N/A
Vulture Attack 264 312
Wabbit  261 N/A
Walker N/A 304
Wall Ball   281 N/A
Wall Break N/A 310
Warlords  263  312
Warplock  257-258 N/A
Wings (ver. 1) 279 N/A
Wings (ver. 2) N/A 310
Wing War  N/A 314
Winter Games 262 312
Wizard of Wor 263 307-308
Wizard  262 N/A
Word Zapper  262 N/A
World End  N/A 302
Worm War 1 262 N/A
X'Mission N/A  
Xenophobe 262 314
Xevious   249 N/A
X-Man  253 312
Yars’ Revenge 262 314
Zaxxon 262 314
Zoo Fun N/A 291


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