ATARI VCS/2600 Unreleased/Prototype Games and Hardware
Last updated 2-27-2019
(Thanks to Leonard Herman for most of these photos.)
Although there are many more games that were planned or started than those listed here, this article only covers games either having some related artwork (box art, artist renderings of screens, or actual screenshots) or are known to exist. It also covers known early versions of released games, and advertised artwork or screenshots that differed (sometimes drastically) from the released version.
|20th Century Fox||9 to 5
Fall Guy, The
Revenge of the Cherry Tomatoes
Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea
3-D Ghost Attack
Off Your Rocker
Power Module, The
Power Play Arcade #1
Power Play Arcade #2
Power Play Arcade #4
Power Play Arcade #5
|Androbot||AndroMan on the Moon|
|(Games by) Apollo||Kyphus
|Atari||Alpha Beam with Ernie
Cookie Monster Munch
Demons to Diamonds
Donald Duck's Speedboat
The Dukes of Hazzard
Dumbo's Flying Circus
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
G1 Light Gun
The Graduate Computer
Miss Piggy's Wedding
Oscar's Trash Race
Raiders of the Lost Ark
Snoopy and the Red Baron
Track & Field
Madden Football / Maddeness
|Coleco||Colecovision Expansion Module #1
Donkey Kong Jr.
Gemini Sound I Voice Module
Gemini Video Game System
Mr. Do!'s Castle
Rocky Battles the Champ
Smurf: Rescue in Gargamel's Castle
|Control Video Corporation||GameLine Master Module|
|Data Age||Mr. Bill's Neighborhood
|Entex||Entex 2000 Piggyback Color Computer|
|Exus||Electronic Health Bike
Health Cycle Program
|Games People Play||Deep Throat|
|Great Games Company||$20,000 Pyramid
The Joker's Wild
The Price Is Right
Wheel of Fortune
|M Network (Mattel)||Ad. D&D: Tower of Mystery
Ad. D&D: Treasure of Tarmin
In Search of the Golden Skull
Tron Deadly Discs
|Milton Bradley||Armored Commander + Tank Blitz
|Multivision||Battle of the Sexes
The Incredible Hulk
G.I. Joe: Cobra Strike
James Bond 007
The Lord of the Rings: Journey to Rivendell
Star Wars: Jedi Arena
Star Wars: Return of the Jedi - Ewok Adventure
Star Wars: Revenge of the Jedi - Game I
Star Wars: Revenge of the Jedi - Game II
|Probe 2000 (NAP)||Power Lords: Quest for Volcan
Pursuit of the Pink Panther
Buck Rogers: Caverns of Zagreb
Buck Rogers: Marathon of Zenda
Buck Rogers: Secrets of Zadar
Friday the 13th
Star Trek II: In Search of Spock
Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan
War of the Worlds
|Spectravision / Spectravideo||Cave In
Drive 'Em Krazy
Romper Room Series
Sweat: The Decathlon Game
|U.S. Game (Quaker Oats)||Eggomania
Trail of the Pink Panther
Computer Video System
Quest for the Idol
|Wizard Video Games||Flesh Gordon
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
|Xonox (K-Tel)||Hercules vs. the Titans|
20th CENTURY FOX
9 TO 5
Listed on a flyer as one of 6 upcoming games. Catalog description: “A secretary's work is never done: dictation, typing letters, filing, and it all has to be done on time. Now, the boss wants coffee, and time is running short. Can she keep up with the pace?"
Listed on a flyer as one of 6 upcoming games. Programmer Mark Klein allowed a copy of the game to be released at CGE in 2003.
THE FALL GUY
Sirius planned to release this themselves, under the original name, Squish 'Em (Atari 400/800 flyer, picture #2), until they struck a deal with 20th Century Fox to release it (and several others) - most of which ended up getting tied into various TV movie properties of theirs. Pictures #3 and #4 are from a flyer. A near-perfect version was done by Bob Montgomery in 2007 (picture #5). A game by the same name was released for the C-64 in 1984 under license by Elite (box art - picture #6), but it's a completely different type of game. Catalog description: “Let me tell ya, being a stunt man is no easy job – car wrecks, falls, fights. I thought I’d done it all. Wrong! This new one is really something else. See, I’ve gotta climb up the side of a 48 story building and grab a suitcase on the top floor. But that’s not all! This is a monster movie and this place is crawling with creepy creatures actually trying to knock me off! And I didn’t even tell you about the bricks they throw at me from the roof. I’m tellin’ ya, this is really a tough one! Well, gotta go now, time for another ‘take’. I hope they remembered to put film in the camera this time.”
Shown at the 1983 Winter CES, and listed for release in April 1983 under what was then a working title. Also mentioned in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing. Howard Delman brought this prototype to CGE2K4 to be archived. The game was completed under the name Atom Smasher, but when it was first offered to 20th Century Fox, they renamed it Meltdown. According to fellow Videa designer Howard Delman, "The history of Videa's two VCS game is murky, because it only began to be written years after the fact. I would take everyone's recollections and average them all together. I doubt any of us really remember the exact details. Having said all of that, here is my recollection... the games were not actually "sold", but were licensed. I believe 20th Century Fox paid us $50,000 as an advance on royalties for the license to manufacture and sell the two games. In accordance with the license agreement, when they went out of business, the license terminated. Parker stepped up, and signed the same deal with us, but they went out of business right after signing and paying, so again, the games were available. I believe our agreement with Atari was different. They were only interested in one of the games (according to Lee Actor, it was Lasercade), and wanted to test it before committing, so they paid us an "option" fee, which was much less than we had gotten from Fox and Parker. I don't recall if they actually did any testing, but they informed us that they were not going to exercise their option. The games went back into my desk drawer at Videa, moved to my desk drawer at Sente, and finally ended up in the desk drawer of my home office. We made a lot of money off of two games didn't see the light of day for another 25 years! The two games we developed, Lasercade and Meltdown, are finally available. We agreed to put Meltdown into the public domain, after we learned that the ROM code had been leaked anyway. Lasercade was licensed to CGE Services." Historian Leonard Herman notes Cumma Technology used Meltdown (under the name Atom Smasher) with their MetaWriter display at the 1984 Winter CES, under the original Atom Smasher name. The description of the game in 20th Century Fox's CES press kit reads: "Watching the screen that monitors the reaction core, you notice something odd, an atom is beginning to throw. Uh oh, this means trouble! Closer inspection reveals a deadly Quark racing through the core agitating the atoms. It has to be stopped before it causes a chain reaction of exploding energy! You must line up the Stabilizing Emitter and fire cadmium rods at the hot spots. Hurry, the action is really heating up in there. The Geiger Counter is clicking at a frantic pace. Already the monitor is lit up with furious pulsing action. This is your challenge ? you must meet it or MELTDOWN!". The game was given to CGE Services, who later leaked it to the community (via Joe Santulli on Digital Press). A limited run of 50 carts were produced with permission from CGE Services by Scott Stilphen in 2007 for $15 each. As a result of the ROM being available, carts made by various people have been sold on Ebay since. Price and scarcity reflect the original prototype, not the original, authorized reproductions. Price and scarcity reflect the original prototype, not the reproduction.
REVENGE OF THE CHERRY TOMATOES
This was one of the early names for Bank Heist.
VOYAGE TO THE BOTTOM OF THE SEA
According to programmer Bill Aspromonte, it was based on the popular 60s movie and TV series, "Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea" and slated for June 1983 release, but it was eventually released under the bland name "Crash Dive" (picture #2) when they failed to obtain the rights to use the name... even though it was a 20th Century Fox property! The description for it, from a 1983 CES Press Kit catalog, shows a rendered screenshot (picture #1), which confirms they are one and the same.
A Tempest clone, but with some unique differences. Originally planned to be 1 of 3 "3-D" games on Power-Play Arcade cart #1. A screenshot was shown in a catalog for Amiga's Power System, but no description was included. It was programmed by Dan McElroy and Jerry Lawson implemented the use of 3-D. A prototype was found by Scott Stilphen in 2007.
3-D GHOST ATTACK
An early screenshot appeared in a catalog (picture #1), which is similar to the prototype (picture #2) that was found by Scott Stilphen in 2007. Catalog description: “They say the mansion is haunted. But nobody really knows for sure. And you’ve just got to find out. Armed with your photobeam, you begin your search. Suddenly, there’s a flash of light. Then another. And another. They’re all around you, coming from the walls, doors, windows, everywhere. You reach for your trusty photobeam. Now somebody knows for sure…”
2 different screenshots have been found, the 2nd of which is similar to the prototype (picture #3) that was found by Scott Stilphen in 2007. Catalog description: “Your stellar cruiser begins to shudder as the hyperwarp drive suddenly cuts out. Slowing down, you realize you’ve entered an asteroid field. A BIG asteroid field. You bolt for the high-density laser-pulse inverter. Your only chance is to blast your way out. And you’d better start now…”
An early screenshot appeared in a catalog (picture #1), which is similar to the prototype (picture #2) that was found by Scott Stilphen in 2007. Catalog description: “You know he’s down there. But where? Your sonar is picking up indiscriminate blips. Then a pattern emerges. You’ve found him. You launch a round of depth charges over the side, and the explosions rock the ship. You smile confidently and check the scanner: completely blank. Suddenly, there’s blip. And another blip. And another. Or… You know he’s up there. But where… (a one or two-player, machine-interactive game).”
OFF YOUR ROCKER
THE POWER MODULE
POWER PLAY ARCADE #1
POWER PLAY ARCADE #2
POWER PLAY ARCADE #4
POWER PLAY ARCADE #5
Catalog description: “The perfect game for kids of all ages – from 6 to 60. The object is to locate each of the items the computer asks you to find. A comb. An iron. A telephone. Or just about anything else. Just as easy as you remember it, right? Well, does ‘Beware of Dog’ sound familiar? How about, ‘you’d better be home before dark’? It’ll be just like ‘old times’…”
Originally planned as a pack-in cassette game for Amiga's Power Module peripheral, and later as 1 of 5 games on Power-Play Arcade cart #2. According to Video Soft founder Jerry Lawson, "It had very impressive graphics and was an adventure-type of game" and was either finished or close to being done. Catalog description: “Your objective: destroy all of the enemy’s oil tanks and land-based missile silos. And, if you can, the central missile battery: the heart of the enemy complex. But you’ve got to go it alone. Fly low. Fly high. Through narrow canyons. Under bridges. Let your instincts be your guide…”
ANDROMAN ON THE MOON
From programmer Michael Case: "The only VCS game I did (at Western Tech.) was AndroMan on the Moon. This was one of the games being done for the AndroMan robot. I don't remember much of the plot, but AndroMan was on the moon (I think we used the floor map shown in the advertisements). I think the enemies were supposed to be aliens. AndroMan was supposed to be harvesting minerals on the moon. He would move over bar codes on the map, which signified mines, and then the video game would show him enter the mine (the maze part - picture #3), being attacked by 'moon aliens' along the way. He dropped bombs to kill them. If he got hit, I think he would jerk around or make some noise, which is why the game hangs. After getting further into the mine, the corridor is shown from a first person 3-D view (picture #4), and he is attacked by flying circular shaped 'moon bats'. He can shoot at them using the joystick to control the cursor on the screen. When he makes it to the end, he gets the resources in the mine. He then has to move on the map to return the resources to the base, and so on."
The 1st picture is
(GAMES BY) APOLLO
This maze game is set within a pyramid and depicts a man that can be moved through 64 rooms (displayed in 3-D ala Racquetball) connected by doorways. In each room overhead is a strange "cloud" that shoots at the player. A robot also follows you from room to room. In the code are the words "protect", "destroy", and "invoke", and the graphics for what appears to be a monkey. A partial photo of the box appeared on a poster (picture #1) and a full image of the box was later found in a 1983 issue of Videogiochi (picture #2). An unlabeled prototype Apollo game was found in 2006 (picture #3) that was later confirmed by programmer Tim Martin to be Kyphus. From Tim Martin: "This was one of the first projects I had at Apollo on the Atari VCS. To my knowledge it was never finished, as the company closed rather abruptly. Basically the game was a randomly-generated maze of rooms that you explored to search for items needed to score points. I remember there being a 'cloud thing' that would come and attack you. The game play was never complete (that I know of) so I'm not sure what the final game would have been like." According to Ed Salvo: "Kyphus ended up with that name because it sounded mysterious. We originally thought Kyphus was a distortion of reality, but we looked it up and (kyphos) it's a distortion of the backbone. There was also a sign on the wall in the designers' room wall at Apollo that read 'Kyphus is more than a game - it's a disease'. Talk about viral marketing."
The first picture is from Electronic Games 5-84, and shows different colors from the actual release (picture #2).
The only known prototype of this game was archived from Arnie Katz, Bill Kunkel, and Joyce Worley in November 2001 and is not playable (picture #4). Early description is a game involving the perils (of) moving around an active volcano. Several pictures of the box exist - box artwork appeared in the Jan 1983 issue of Electronic Fun with Computers & Games (picture #1); the same issue also mentioned Pat Roper stating this was originally called Labyrinth. A box was shown in a magazine, taken at a 1983 CES (picture #2). A partial photo of the box appeared on a poster (picture #3).
Archived from Arnie Katz, Bill Kunkel, and Joyce Worley in November 2001. Description: "You work for the Apollo Grape Company and must stomp grapes without getting stomped yourself. Avoid plunger and falling grapes while turning other grapes into wine". Box artwork appeared in the Jan 1983 issue of Electronic Fun with Computers & Games (picture #1); the same issue also quotes Pat Roper as saying, "We thought about calling it 'Vats Incredible' or 'The Grape Escape', but decided Squoosh instead.". 2 prototype versions exist - the earlier version allows you to move around and jump (picture #2); in the later version grapes can move around and you can hit the press (#3).
ALPHA BEAM WITH ERNIE
An Atari Kid’s Library brochure shows a screen picture (#1) of what is actually a prototype version (#2). The release version (picture #3) doesn’t have lines above and below the space ship.
Early catalog screen depictions (picture #1) showed reserve ship icons in addition to the reserve counter. There is actual code in the program for displaying these icons, but it was disabled - Brad Stewart feels it was probably done as a result of him and Bob Smith trying to squeeze the cart down to 4K, and he forgot to enable it when he was given 8K. The 2nd picture is an actual screenshot showing what it looks like enabled.
Programmed by GCC, this was an updated version of Combat that was first mentioned in the September/October 1982 issue of Atari Age. It was originally planned for release in December 1982, and was listed in the rare 1982 Atari catalog, “A GUIDE TO THE ATARI STARS: 70 Game Program Cartridges for the Atari 2600 Video Computer System Game!” (Rev F), along with an artistic rendering of the screen and new box art (oddly enough, the title, description, and even the CX number are for the original Combat). It ultimately fell victim to Atari's Marketing department, and its cancellation was confirmed in the November 1983/February 1984 issue of Atari Age. The only known prototype was obtained in 1999 from the former founder and editor of Atari Age, Steve Morgenstern. The game seems complete except for a few finishing touches, but it does include a level editor!
COOKIE MONSTER MUNCH
DEMONS TO DIAMONDS
The original working title for this game was "Hot Rox". Box art can be seen on the inside cover of Atari's 1982 Rev D and E catalogs (pictures #1 and #2), as well as the 2nd revision of the Log Book. Some prototypes have surfaced with this name as well (picture #3).
DONALD DUCK'S SPEEDBOAT
One of 3 games featuring Disney characters that was never released (although it was pirated by Polyvox and a few other companies, and released in Brazil). From a 1983 CES Press Release: "A speedboat obstacle course is always an adventure with Donald Duck at the controls. Donald must avoid rocks, whirlpools, seaweed, fish, and the bobbing buoys of nephews: Huey, Dewey, and Louie. The faster he finishes the race, the more points he scores. The multiple obstacle screens and game variations add to the game-play challenge, and the graphics and music make this an enjoyable game for kids from ages 5-10." Originally scheduled to be released in September of 1983. Suggested Retail Price: $30.45. The tentative title for it was "Donald Duck's Regatta" and a prototype with this name has been found. A promo box exists (picture #1), and the full artwork was shown in a Brazilian catalog (picture #2).
THE DUKES OF HAZZARD
The game was first mentioned in the Atari Age (Nov/Dec 1982 issue). This version (pictures #2 and #3) came 3 years after Atari's 1st attempt (picture #4). Unlike most of the other prototypes/pre-production games, this was actually produced on ROM chips (using the new Chip-On-Board design), and in large quantities... which is odd since programmer Mark Hahn states the game wasn't finished! Atari apparently was just about to slap the labels on thousands of Dukes cartridges – finished or not – before deciding against releasing it at the last minute; the reason Atari gave Hahn was the game's graphics weren't on part with other releases at that time. Notice of its cancellation was announced in the Sept/Oct 1983 issue of Atari Age. Below is a picture of the promo box.
DUMBO'S FLYING CIRCUS
E.T the Extra-Terrestrial
G1 Light Gun
THE GRADUATE COMPUTER
Announced on February 9th, 1983. This was to be Atari's entry into the emerging 2600 keyboard market. The unit plugged into the VCS cart port and was self-contained, much like how the 5200 VCS adapter works (using the base system for power and display only). It was actually developed outside of Atari, by a company called Peripheral Visions, Inc., which was formed in late 1982 by 3 former Commodore VIC-20/C-64 engineers (Charles Winterble, Al Charpentier, and Bob Yannes). Winterble conceived of the idea to turn the VCS into a computer, and they called it "My First Computer". Designed with a $29.95 price, it was to feature a membrane computer and have BASIC built-in. PVI approached Ray Kassar with the idea, and he agreed to purchase it for a million dollars. Under the deal, PVI would develop the hardware and Atari the software. The product was given the model number CX-3000, and was known by several names during its development ("My First Computer", "2600 Computer", "The Graduate"), undergoing several changes (case designs, features, price points, etc). It was shown at the 1983 Summer CES show, along with the printer and wafer drive, before ultimately being cancelled by James Morgan when he took over as the new CEO of Atari in September 1983. An ongoing lawsuit against PVI by Commodore was likely the main motivating reason for its cancellation. Soon after PVI was formed, Jack Tramiel heard PVI approached Atari and filed a ("exploratory") lawsuit against them, claiming they stole trade secrets. PVI were forced to disclose details of their VCS project. Tramiel insisted that was his product, and pursued the case. PVI eventually won, but it cost them several years and approximately $300,000
A February 1983 press release states the keyboard would be available by 3rd Quarter nationally. It featured 8K of memory (expandable up to 32K) and 56 raised keys (although early drawings and even the first mock-up show only 53 keys), plus a suggested retail price of less than $90. The side cart slot ("expansion port") could also be used for optional peripherals such as a portable cassette recorder, printers, disk drives, and modems. The same press kit mentions the official name was to be "My First Computer", even though "2600 Computer" is shown as being trademarked.
Photos of the unit were shown in both the Feb 1983 press kit (picture #2), the May/June 1983 issue of Atari Age (picture #3), and the July 1983 issue of Electronic Fun with Computers & Games (page 47, picture #4). Note the power jack on the back edge of the unit in those photos. According to hardware designer Regan Cheng, the unit shown was actually a mock-up (the keys were simply glued on). The May 1983 issue of Video Games covered the NYC Toy Fair and showed a photo of the 2600 Computer (dubbed "My First Computer") running what might be Typo Attack (picture #5). The December/January 1984 issue of Computer Games (pg. 9) shows what might be the title screen for Robotron (picture #6)!
Another design was first shown in Atari's 1983 "Ticket to the Stars" catalog (picture #7) - note the full-size keyboard and the cartridge port at the top. A photo appeared in the September issue of Electronic Fun with Computers & Games (page 36, picture #8). Note the extra connectors on the right side and the different keyboard arrangement.
A 1983 TV commercial showed yet another design and keyboard arrangement (picture #9); a better photo from that spot appeared in Atari's June 1983 "2nd Half" press kit (picture #10) and clearly shows the name "Atari 2600 Computer" on the upper-left, a 55-keymembrane keyboard, and a higher cartridge port on top. The same press kit also include several flyers which showed drawings for both the keyboard (reflecting the earlier design - picture #11) and peripherals (picture #12). The keyboard drawing shows yet another design, with raised keys and the cartridge port back on the left side. The peripherals are:
I/O MODULE + 8K RAM
Another flyer listed 9 software titles (in 4 different categories) were slated to be available by October:
PROGRAMMING - $40.95 each:
A June 1983 press kit refers to it as "The Graduate" (also trademarked) and states the unit had 8K of built-in Microsoft BASIC. The accompanying photos show the keyboard and optional devices almost exactly the same as depicted on the earlier flyer (picture #13). A photo of the earlier design (along with the optional devices) appeared in the September 1983 issue of Video Games (picture #14). Part of this same photo appears in the August 1983 issue of Your Computer (pg. 42, picture #16).
Based on the same principle as Synapse's RELAX system, the MindLink would let you control games with your thoughts. In reality, the controller seems to respond more to facial muscle movements, which means it's possible you'd be carted off to an institution if anyone ever saw you using it. The system consisted of a headband with 3 sensors on it which was attached to a transmitter. The receiver module plugged into the VCS and translated the incoming "brainwaves" into usable game inputs. 3 MindLink games have been found to date: Bionic Breakthrough (picture #6), Mind Maze (picture #7), and Telepathy (picture #8). From John Skruch: "Only paddle-type games were designed to be used with the MindLink, including a skiing game, and a Breakout variant (Bionic Breakthrough). Two distinct versions of the ML were to be made- one for the 2600/7800, and one for the 8-bit computers." From Tom Palecki: "Barry Marshall did the design for the MindLink Head Band Controller. I don’t remember how it came about, but I ended up designing the logo for that controller, which I worked up based visually on what a brain wave scan might look like in letter form." Photos #1 and #2 appeared in Atari's 'New Age' press kit. Photo #3 is an early prototype design. Photo #4 is the final prototype design. Photo #5 shows another early design being used to play what appears to be a version of Telepathy. The project was planned for release in the 3rd Quarter of 1984, along with 3 cartridges, but was cancelled after Tramiel's takeover.
MISS PIGGY'S WEDDING
Was to be the 2nd "action" game cartridge featuring Jim Henson's Muppets characters (after Pigs in Space). 3 different prototypes of this game are known to exist (pictures #2-#4), none of which are complete. The photo below is from a 1983 press kit, with the following description: "The wedding bells are soon to ring... until Kermit, the reluctant groom, changes his mind and leaves Miss Piggy at the altar. The church becomes a video maze, with Kermit on the run and Miss Piggy in hot pursuit. The chase becomes even more elaborate when the wedding guests move about. Players can choose to be either Miss Piggy or Kermit in this Atari-The Muppets game, designed to be enjoyed by all age groups."
OSCAR'S TRASH RACE
Early screenshot (picture #1) shown in the 1982 green poster/catalog as well as a rare 1981 rev D catalog variant show a black background (like the arcade version). A variation of this (picture #2) was shown in magazines such as Electronic Games (note the missing power pills and multicolored reserve lives indicators), even well after the game was released! A more accurate version was shown on the box (picture #3), but it still featured tilted monsters. A hacked version of the original was made by Jason Parlee in an effort to match this photo (picture #4).
VCS Pac-Man programmer Tod Frye has given conflicting answers when asked about the color scheme he used. Here are his most recent comments:
"We were still new at doing advanced arcade ports to the VCS. There was Space Invaders and Asteroids - both of those used their own color schemes and Asteroids looked and played different from the arcade. I wanted to add more color to the maze instead of black and blue, so I chose the colors. The maze was also very difficult to implement, so the exits were placed on the tops and bottoms instead of the sides. My primary focus was on the
game play and making sure the game mechanics of the arcade were in the VCS title as close as could be done."
"If I have one regret (and I have many), it is the color scheme. I truly wish I had gone for the blue maze on the black background. IIRC (and perhaps I’d – likely more so than anyone else possibly can) I was influenced by the color scheme Space Invaders used, where the ‘variations’ used color schemes different from the arcade version."
Originally one of Atari's "Pro-Line" Advanced Controllers. A company flyer (picture #1) notes it was coming in July 1983, with a photo showing "ATARI SERIES 2000 PRO-LINE JOYSTICK" molded into the top of the plastic base. However, this version was never released. When the 7800 was finally released in 1986, it included a slight variant of it - in place of the molded plastic was a metal plate on the base with "Atari" on it, and the fire buttons were modified for 7800 games that required 2 fire buttons. Also released separately for the XL computers (with similar packaging - picture #2). A prototype controller has been found that's similar to the one shown on the flyer, but it doesn't have the Series 2000 text or the same joystick knob, but there's a large registered mark (R) after "ATARI".
The Puffer project was conceived in late 1982 with an original projected release date for fall 1983. It was a peripheral controller in the form of an exercise bike for any VCS or Home Computer. It plugs into the joystick port and controls the action of the special video games by how fast the exercise bike is pedaled and by steering." A set of hand controllers replaced the original hand grips. A magnet attached to the wheel monitored the wheel speed and a Hall effect sensor detected the passing magnet which can be read by the computer to calculate the wheel speed. The housing for the sensor was also the junction box for the hand controller cables and the computer cable. The computer required only one cable to be connected to a joystick input. The Home Model was planned for release concept was proven with the coin-op Pro Model. A company memo dated 9-26-83 states a prototype was built in February 1983, 2 games were developed (River Boat and Pole Position), a preliminary business plan was completed in July 1983, and Market Research (focus groups) was currently being done. The package included 1 game, 2 controls, and a folding exercise bike. Estimated price was $68, with an optional upgrade kit for existing bike owners for $22. Games were also being developed for both the Atari 8-bit home computer and 5200 - Jungle River Cruise (aka River Boat) and Tumbleweeds. The project was cancelled in late 1983 due to the poor market conditions (i.e. the crash), but was resurrected in early 1984 when Atari became a sponsor of the 1984 Olympic Games. The plan was to aggressively market it during the Games, but the product was cancelled for good with Tramiel's takeover of Atari.
RAIDERS OF THE LOST ARK
A screenshot showing graphics artist Jerome M. Domurat’s initials (as a graphic “logo”, picture #1) in the mesa field appeared in several publications in at least 8 separate instances:
Consumer’s Guide book, How to Win at Home Video Games, (page 56)
Electronic Fun with Computers & Games (November 1982, page 64 - picture is flipped horizontally)
Electronic Games (November 1982, page 8)
Electronic Games (March 1984, page 24 - picture is upside-down)
Joystik (November 1982, page 5, and December 1982, page 56 – picture is flipped horizontally)
Video Review (January 1983, page 73)
Videogaming Illustrated (December 1982, page 59)
Book, Videospelletjes - Complete Handleiding Voor Winnaars, (by Arnie Katz, Bill Kunkel and Kees van Toorn, page 52)
The graphics for the initials were removed in the released version, although some of the code for handling it is still in the program. From Jerome: "I'm pretty sure what happened was, there was a problem with the game's scoring when it was added in. It might have doubled the score or something like that, so Howard was forced to remove it. We were both kinda bummed about it, so when E.T. came along we threw a bunch in :) Howard used part of the Raiders Easter egg code in E.T. though, because he was convinced that there must have been something else causing the problem, and he figured if the game testers came back with a problem, then the code was really to blame, but nothing came back about it." A fake, pixel-perfect screenshot (picture #2) was created by Scott Stilphen to more clearly illustrate the photos (pictures #17 and #18), although the colors are wrong due to imperfect emulation.
The photo is famous for showing graphics artist Jerome M. Domurat’s initials (shown as a graphic “logo”) in the mesa field. For reasons unknown, this graphic was removed in the released version, although there are some "holes" in the program that hint where it belonged and how it was to be used. A fake, pixel-perfect screenshot (picture #2) was created by Scott Stilphen to more clearly illustrate the photo (picture #3), although the colors are wrong due to imperfect emulation.
An artist's rendition in an Atari’s VCS Sales Planner brochure (picture #3) and an Atari dealer ad (picture #4) depicts a key on the Entrance screen. As it turns out, a 2nd key exists in the program which cannot be found in the game. It seems the key was originally going to appear on the Entrance screen as shown, but due to the way the kernel displays objects, it couldn’t be used. This is most likely why it now appears in a Marketplace basket. This was mentioned in the May 1984 issue of TV Gamer. A modified version of the code by Luc Pycke shows what the key would have looked like, had it been implemented (picture #5).
First mentioned in the 1982 Atari Rev. F catalog - description: "The basketball court is three-dimensional - the closer the players get to you, the larger they become. Pass, shoot, block shots and even dunk! The two-on-two action lets you play pick and roll, rebound, and then go back up for the score! Play against the computer or with a friend (Estimated availability April 1983). The 1983 Atari Rev. A catalog featured a screenshot and a shorter description: "Pass, shoot, block shots and dunk! On this three-dimensional court, the two-on-two action lets you play pick and roll, rebound, and then go back up for the score! Challenge the computer or a friend (available fall '83)." Later shown in a 1989 catalog with the same screenshot (picture #1) but with the same CX number as the original Basketball, and with a different description: "Fast-breaking, board-pounding basketball action. Play great defense, steal the ball, drive down court for the winning point as the clock expires! Play against a friend or the computer." A prototype (pictures #2 and #3) was obtained from the former editor of Atari Age, Steve Morgenstern, which seems complete except for a few finishing touches, and the referee is missing (but the graphics for him are in the code - picture #4). According to programmer Joe Gaucher, the referee was interactive and would mess with the players and run alongside them, but that he had to take him out due to memory constraints. Atari canceled the game before he finished it. A promo box has also been found for this game (picture #5).
Alternate box artwork (picture #1) appeared in the September 1983 issue of Electronic Games (page 34), which was actually used for the 5200 version of RealSports Soccer (picture #2), and not the non-Realsports-labeled Soccer version, which had different artwork. Picture #3 is the artwork used in the released 2600 version.
SNOOPY & THE RED BARON
Early catalogs pictured a completely different version on the introduction page (picture #1), or one with a 5-digit score counter (picture #2), while the entry description page showed an accurate version compared to the release (picture #3).
This photo (picture #1) appears on the original 1977 system box. While all of the screenshots on the box are artist renderings, this is the only one that is noticeably different from the actual game (picture #2).
Although the game was never finished, 2 different artwork pictures were circulated – one a small box art picture from an early ad (picture #1) and the other a painting that was found within Atari when it closed up, which may have ended up being the final art (picture #2). Note the Philosopher’s Stone just under the rider’s left arm, which was to be the prize for that game’s contest. See the SwordQuest Revisited article for more info.
A promo box (picture #1) exists for this game, as well as some alternate artwork that was intended for the 5200 version (picture #2). At least 2 different prototypes exist. The earlier version, dated 1-5-84 (picture #3), is very similar to the later version, dated 2-28-84 (picture #4), except that it lacks a copyright and a title screen. Both versions are incomplete, and only show one layout. A photo of the box also appeared in a photo in the March 1983 issue of Atari Club Magazin (pictures #5 and #6). As of now, the only person who has a copy of the later version is John Skruch (both appeared in an article in the January 1996 issue of Ultimate Gamer). Due to its CX (part) #, this may have been slated to become an Atari Club exclusive release title.
TRACK & FIELD
The PAL version was to be called Los Angeles 1984 Games - both a photocopy of the cart's label with this name (and correct CX# - picture #1)) and a PAL prototype (picture #3) were found. Konami is credited on the released label as well (picture #2), so apparently Atari bought the home rights for Track & Field and planned to use it as a tie-in to the 1984 Olympics (which Atari was a sponsor of) but for whatever reason decided not to. Picture #4 is a screenshot of the released version.
One of Atari's "Pro-Line" Advanced Controllers. A company flyer (picture #1) notes it was "coming in June '83", with a photo showing "ATARI 2600 TRAK-BALL" and with fire buttons that are full concave. A marketing photo (picture #2) clearly shows the letters being molded into the top of the plastic case. Another photo (picture #3) showed it having red fire buttons, which none of the released versions had. Yet another photo appeared on the back cover of the May/June 1983 issue of Atari Age (picture #4), showing the text in white lettering. However, none of the 4 released versions looked exactly like the marketing photos.
The version originally released (picture #5) has buttons that aren't fully concave, the lines radiating from the ball on the top case aren't as long, and the text on top isn't the same ("ATARI 2600" is underlined on the left and is smaller, with "PRO-LINE TRAK-BALL" to the right). Also, the text isn't molded in the case but instead printed in raised, chrome lettering on a black sticker. Although the case has a hole and markings on the left side for a Trak-Ball/joystick mode switch, the pcb design doesn't support it (and the hole is covered up). The sticker on the bottom notes that it was manufactured at Atari's El Paso, TX plant.
The 2nd released version (picture #6) has a white base and different text ("ATARI" on the left with no logo, and "TRAK-BALL" on the right) and the pcb has the mode switch, although Atari never released a VCS game that supported Trak-Ball (i.e. analog) mode. The sticker on the bottom notes that it was manufactured in Mexico.
A 3rd version was later released with a redesigned case, a black ball, triangular fire buttons, and a silver plate across the top with black lettering printed on it (picture #7). The mode switch is now on the back and is marked "JS" (for joystick) and "TB" (for Trak-Ball). Note that there are 2 different (internal) versions of this model as well - the 1st is compatible with the CX-22; the 2nd is compatible with the Atari ST mouse (some jumpers were added to the board inside). The only way to tell which version you have is to either try it, or open it up and look for the jumpers.
This was a joint-collaboration between Atari and Milton Bradley, with MB to develop a version of their TI MBX Expander speech synthesis and voice recognition system for the 2600 and 5200. It used a combination headset/microphone which enabled players to control games by voice commands. It was originally called the Voice Commander, and a drawing was first shown in Atari's 1983 "Ticket to the Stars" catalog (picture #1). A similar drawing appeared in Atari's June 1983 "2nd Half" press kit (picture #2), along with an actual photo, which differed from the drawings (picture #3). The accompanying letter states it was demoed at the Chicago CES show, using a version of RealSports Baseball! It also included a headset, and mentioned 3 other VC games were Star Raiders, Battlezone, and Berzerk. The unit was shown in press releases and in a 1983 TV commercial where it was referred to as a "voice module" and resembled the earlier drawings (picture #4). A photo of the earlier design appeared in the September 1983 issue of Video Games (picture #5). To date, neither a prototype or even the mock-ups have been found. MB was also to develop a total of 18 (!) cartridges over 3 years, with most to incorporate use of the VC. Suggested Retail Price: $99.95. According to a CES Press Release, this unit was scheduled for an October, 1983 release. Atari apparently backed out, prompting MB to sue them for breach of contract. Atari's case design was eventually reused for their 2600JR system (FAQ and picture #6).
Different box artwork (picture #2) was initially shown in early catalogs. Atari programmer Jim Huether was actually the artist's model for the released version (picture #2).
A box (picture #1) was show for this at the 1983 Winter CES, which is identical to the 7800 artwork (picture #2). 3 different prototypes of this game are known to exist (pictures #2-#4), none of which are complete.
This early catalog screen depiction (picture #1) shows both the Zorlon cannon and the Neutral Zone (referred to as the "rainbow ion zone" in the first Atari Age) as being comprised of multi-colored horizontal lines, whereas the game uses actual programming code (picture #2) At certain points in the released version, the Zorlon cannon has a similar appearance, except that it is pink in color (picture #3).
Port of the arcade game. Mentioned in the March/April 1984 issue of Atari Age (pg. 13 - picture #1). This was to be a SARA "SuperChip" cartridge. An internal status listing from some time in 1984 lists the game as an unscheduled option (picture #2), with the name John R. (John Russell?) attached to it. According to programmer Christopher Omarzu, this was "90% complete". Sound designer Robert Vieira believes Omarzu got over the most difficult hurdle - making the animals move up, down, sideways, and upside-down as they ran around the cage (something about flipping playfield data). The game was never finished as far as he can remember, before Atari killed it off in early 1984. Vieira made his sound code available to the community in early 2005, and a binary was created (by Ken Van Mersbergen and Thomas Jentzsch) that plays 18 different sound effects and pieces of music. Graphics artist Courtney Granner provided some footage of his character sprite animations in early 2008. No other material have been found to date. Check out this video to hear and see all the sounds effects and graphics that have been found. Originally called "King Crab", Zoo Keeper was one of the few American-designed games that Taito released (with "Space Dungeon" and "Qix" being two others), which is interesting, since the player's characters from Elevator Action and Zoo Keeper (both Taito games) are very similar to each other (pictures #3 and #4).
Catalog description: “Jaws bit and flight ambitiously in the ocean. Time is limited and points will be given when the jaws clear up surroundings, do not miss the bombs. Two players can play this game alternatively.”
Announced at the 1983 CES. The screenshot (picture #1) is most likely a mock-up, since it shows 5 balloons falling at once (on rack 2!). 2 different box artwork were shown - one showing the title as one word (and with Pac-Man) and the other showing the name hyphenated (and w/o Pac-Man). Description: "Fast Reflexes and dexterity are needed to unicycle back and forth to catch falling balloons on your head. If you miss one - Quick! - kick it back up and try again. Challenge Racks, too!"
MADDEN FOOTBALL / MADDENESS
An early version was being done, using "X's" and "O's" for the players (much like Atari's Football coin-op) but was later scrapped in favor of a completely different version that saw very little progress before CBS shut down their games division. Although the only boxes shown in ads (bearing the name "Madden Football") indicated it was for the Colecovision version, a CBS Games order form offered a FREE copy of this game for the Atari 2600! Ok, it wasn't exactly free - you had to send them proof-of-purchases from both Wizard of Wor and Gorf. Still, that was a great offer (especially since the ad states that was the only way you'd be able to get it), which would have been even better if the game was actually MADE. Catalog description: "The video football game for the coach in all of us! Developed by the man who wrote the book on offense and defense: John Madden. Realistic gridiron action with eleven players on a side and advanced play options!"
This actual screenshot (picture #1) appeared in some 1983 CBS literature. A prototype version was found by Scott Stilphen in 2004 that is very close to complete (picture #2). The game was eventually released by Telegames under the name Universal Chaos, with slightly altered graphics (picture #3).
A promo box with alternate artwork (picture #1) appeared in an interview with Robert Hunter of CBS in the July 1983 issue of Video Games (page 26). Picture #2 is of the released version.
These screenshots (pictures #1 and #2) appeared in some 1983 CBS literature. 2 prototype versions were found (pictures #3 and #4) by Scott Stilphen in 2004, but neither are 100% complete. A box (picture #5) was shown in magazine advertisements, which differed from a promo box (picture #6) that appeared in an interview with Robert Hunter of CBS in the July 1983 issue of Video Games (page 26). For more information, check out this article.
COLECOVISION EXPANSION MODULE #1
A photo shown in the January 1982 issue of Video Games (pg. 74) shows an early version of the module (photo #1); a similar photo appears on the Colecovision system (both prototype and release versions). A different photo (photo #2) appeared in the April 1983 issue of Electronic Games (pg. 10), regarding Atari's lawsuit over it. Both are quite different from the version that was released (photo #3).
Advertised in several VCS catalogs.
This screenshot (picture #1) is from a flyer, which is slightly different from the release - especially Donkey Kong himself (picture #2). The style (as well as the same score) were also used in the manual (picture #3).
DONKEY KONG JR.
This screenshot (picture #1) is from a publicity slide, which is noticeably different from the release (picture #2).
This picture is from a flyer.
GEMINI SOUND I VOICE MODULE
This (picture #1) was an early version of the Kid Vid Module (picture #2) and was originally going to include Berenstain Bears, instead of Smurfs Save the Day.
GEMINI VIDEO GAME SYSTEM
A photo of the system from a press kit (picture #1) shows a minor difference in the casing, compared to the released version (picture #2).
Advertised in several VCS catalogs. John Champeau (of Champ Games) did a spot-on port of the game in 2006 (picture #3).
This screenshot (picture #1) is from a publicity slide (which was used as late as 1984 in Coleco's own literature!), and is drastically different from the release (picture #2). Programmer Ed English was given a prototype coin-op version of the game to use for programming the conversion, which depicts Mr. Do holding a rake (picture #3), as is depicted in the publicity slide!
MR DO!'s CASTLE
Advertised in a 1984 catalog. Somehow Parker Brothers (who ironically only advertised it in a 1984 catalog of theirs) ended up releasing it instead. We're guessing Coleco either worked out a deal with Parker Brothers, or they passed on it, and whoever the subcontractor was sold it to PB. Coleco catalog description: "Mr. DO! returns to do battle against meaner Badguys in an all-new adventure, inside his castle. You race him around the castle, climbing ladders, jumping through holes, and looking for keys. If you're quick enough, you can use Mr. DO!'s hammer to knock out blocks onto unsuspecting Badguys below. Watch out, your enemy can multiply! But if you can get the keys, maybe you can win an extra Mr. DO!"
The screenshot (picture #1) is from a flyer. Jerry Greiner found a labeled cart, sans board (pictures #2 and #3).
ROCKY BATTLES THE CHAMP
This picture is from a publicity slide. It also appears on a flyer.
SMURF: RESCUE IN GARGAMEL'S CASTLE
This screenshot (picture #1) is from a flyer, which is drastically different from the release (pictures #2 and #3). It also appears on the Colecovision Module #1 box. A slightly different box (picture #4) from the released version (picture #5) was shown on the same flyer.
This picture is from a publicity slide. It also appears on a flyer.
Based on the ColecoVision game. According to the company that designed it, Wickstead Design, the game was completed but unreleased due to a chip shortage (to be more accurate, it was due to a manufacturing error with the custom "RAM/ROM" chips). From a February, 1983 CES Press Release: "Practice up on your Tarzan yell, because it's your turn to help the famous Ape Man save his jungle friends from the Great Safari Hunters! Only you can guide him through the deep, dark, danger-ridden jungle, swing him safely across lethal waters, and give him the right moves to fend off and eliminate the intruders. Watch out for the hunters' weapons, deadly jungle beasts and other obstacles, but remember - one false move and you'll perish in the jungle!". From a 1984 CES catalog: "Evil hunters have invaded the jungle to carry Tarzan's tribe of apes off to a zoo. You race through the jungle, leaping from vine to branch, running along the jungle floor... all the time looking out for the hunters' traps. You reach a clearing and have to fight your way through the captors to liberate your ape friends. If they get away again, you'll have to catch up and free the apes before they leave the jungle forever." The same catalog also showed an actual screenshot (picture #1) and box art (picture #2). Video footage of the game was apparently shown at a CES show. An Atari 8-bit version was found, so a VCS version may still exist as well. A manual was found in 2011 (picture #3). A flyer also exists (picture #4) but it doesn't have a screenshot.
The game was originally advertised in several VCS catalogs, along with a picture of a labeled cart (pictures #1 and #2), and even reviewed by Electronic Games! A flyer (picture #3) shows a screenshot and a box (picture #4), and had this to say: "GET READY FOR LIFE IN THE FAST LANE! This high-speed racing game is not for the faint-hearted! You control a high-performance car, speeding down the open road. Accelerate - change lanes - but watch out! While controlling the car's speed and direction, you've got to pass other racing cars, avoid treacherous obstacles, and still make it in record time!" The same screenshot also appeared on a flyer. Picture #5 is from a demo by Thomas Jentzsch to show the picture was as least technically possible. Picture #6 is from the Colecovision Expansion Module #1 box, and is noticeably different from the original. A prototype cartridge (picture #7) was discovered in 2006 by Anthony R. Henderson, who was one of 2 programmers who worked on it. Note the screenshot (picture #8) is drastically different from the earlier ones. Leonard Herman claims this version is not the same version he saw at a CES show, which he describes as such: " The screen shot that I used in ABC To The VCS (picture #3) closely resembles what I remember from CES. I also remember another city scene where there is water on the left and buildings on the right and the road is in the center. It gave the appearance of riding on a lake-view road."
Picture #1 is from a publicity slide. A flyer (picture #2) shows a screen shot, and had this to say: "SADDLE UP FOR AN OLD WEST SHOOTOUT! Help law and order prevail on the electronic frontier! Outlaws are out to ambush the train. You're the Sheriff who can stop them with your faithful horse, trusty six-shooter and your wits! You can't shoot over the train, but you can fall back and get the bandits from behind, or gallop on ahead of the train and shoot back over the shoulder at 'em! The Sheriff may even go across the tracks or up on top of the train to fight the varmints face to face. Can you defeat those ornery sidewinders?"
A slightly different box (picture #1) from the released version (picture #2) was shown on a flyer.
Artwork was shown in even the earliest of CommaVid advertisements (it was announced as one of CommaVid's 4 debut titles at the 1982 Summer CES). Description: "You are flying the last mission from Earth... Mission Omega, to an artificial world built to rescue the population and supplies of the planet. Somehow the power that propels the immense space world has been redirected by BlackHeart. You must pilot your ship through the support columns and evade the defensive fire from the interceptor ships sent to blast you. If you manage to save your ship and pilot it accurately, you may be able to trigger the collapse that will cause BlackHeart to consume itself and make the world safe to live in once again."
First announced at the 1982/83 Winter CES and later mentioned in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing. A prototype was shown at the 1983 Summer CES. Artwork also appeared in a 1983 flyer (picture #1). The game was outsourced by CommaVid and designed by Ben Burch, who was actually a consultant hired by CommaVid. Ironically, Burch was in an automobile accident during the development and it's believed the project was eventually scrapped before completion. 2 different descriptions exist: (from winter 1982/83 press release) "You're in a hurry and you can't afford to be one minute late. You are driving along smoothly and then you're caught in a drivers nightmare - a traffic jam during rush hour. But you just won't creep along - you must blast, dodge, and weave your way through the traffic until you reach your destination."; (from summer 1983 press release) "Caught in a drivers nightmare, a traffic jam during rush hour, you must blast, dodge, and weave your way through high speed traffic. Your super auto is equipped with lazer-blasting headlights; but you must avoid the debris cluttering the autobahn to reach your destination. This new concept in driving/racing video game will challenge the most sophisticated driver." A finished box (picture #2) and several unfinished prototype versions of this game were archived from Dr. John Bronstein in September 2002. A reproduction of the most complete and stable prototype version (picture #3), with help from Mike Mika, was released by CGE Services (who at that time acquired the rights to all of CommaVid's properties) at CGE2K3 - 250 boxed copies were made.
CONTROL VIDEO CORPORATION
GAMELINE MASTER MODULE
GameLine was a service offered by Control Video Corporation that allowed you to download games to the VCS/2600 over regular phone lines via the use of their GameLine Master Module. The complete kit contains the Master Module (an 8K RAM cartridge with internal 1200 baud modem - more tech info can be found on the Stella Archive), telephone connecting cord, a duplex T-adapter, owner's manual, registration guide, GameLine membership cards, and "temporary" game directory & instructions. It originally sold for $49.95 and there was a one-time membership fee of $15. Charges were about $.10 a game or $1 for up to an hour of play. Contest games were $1 and there was a $.50 charge to enter a score. Once it connected, it downloaded the menu program to the battery-backed 2K of RAM. A title screen appeared and "Assembly of Trumpeters For Reveille (First Call)" played. Next, a screen appeared for you to enter a 3-digit number for your ID, and after that another screen where you selected the game you wanted via a 3-digit number, or you could enter 999 for a special "browse" menu. Once the game loaded, a screen would appear with both the game's name and the company who made it, and a tune very similar to the German Army WWI bugle call "No. 2 Battery" played. On your birthday, a screen would appear with the message, "Happy Birthday! All of your play today is free!" while the first 2 bars of "Happy Birthday" played. One of the game catalogs that was archived lists 76 games which included Save The Whales - a game long thought to be vaporware until it was found years later. The GameLine system became QuantumLink (also known as Q-Link), an online service for Commodore computer users, which became America On-Line, the most successful online service ever. See Dan Skelton's GameLine article for more information and a complete list of games that were offered, along with footage of it running. A photo in an article in the June 1983 issue of Electronic Games (page 33) shows an orange-colored Master Module with what appears to be a phone jack on the top (picture #1) , whereas the released version was silver/gray with a phone jack on the side (picture #2).
Trivia: 1st system to offer the ability to download games over a phone line.
MR. BILL'S NEIGHBORHOOD
According to announcements by Data Age in the 1983 Winter CES, the object of the game was to help Mr. Bill lead his family away from the neighborhood before he's caught by the menacing Sluggo. As Mr. Bill meets up with each character, he moves slower and slower making his escape from the pursuing Sluggo and Mr. Hands more difficult. His travels are hampered by street obstacles such as alley barricades and speeding traffic. An article in the April 1983 issue of Videogaming Illustrated (pg. 77) had this quote from Data Age's Product Development Manager J. Ray Dettling: "For seven years Mr. Bill's audience watched him get stepped on, sat upon, pulled apart, and crushed in every way possible. Now, Mr. Bill's fans can look after him and keep him away from Sluggo." The player helps Mr. Bill gather his mother, his dog Spot, and his girlfriend Sally and flee his neighborhood, with its dead-end alleys and speeding traffic, before Mr. Hands or Sluggo can make a clay pigeon out of him. A "Save Mr. Bill" media campaign was planned to coincide with the release of the game in April 1983. The July 1983 issue of Electronic Fun with Computers & Games (pg. 83) features an interview with J. Ray Dettling and includes some rough drawings for the game. Also mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player. According to an article in the October 1983 issue of Video Games (page 32), when Data Age folded, the license for the game came back to Mr. Bill creator Walter Williams. He spent a day at the 1983 Summer CES show looking for other software prospects, and stated Universal was working on an arcade game version, which was to be out before Christmas. Description from flyer: "Yes, DATA AGE brings you MR. BILL's first video game, "MR. BILL'S NEIGHBORHOOD." Now instead of having to watch MR. BILL being smashed on "Saturday Night Live," Bob Hope specials, "David Letterman" and other TV shows, you can try to save him and his friends from their arch rival Sluggo. But watch out! In MR. BILL'S NEIGHBORHOOD there's speeding traffic, streets with dead end alleys and the ever-present Mr. Hands who will grab you and push you toward the worst fate of all, Sluggo. MR. BILL became an American hero as a regular feature on the original "Saturday Night Live." He has gone on to appear in numerous television shows and in many magazines and newspapers. MR. BILL's first book, THE MR. BILL SHOW sold a million copies and was a Publisher's Weekly and New York Times #1 Bestseller. He also has his own calendar, greeting cards and a new book, MR. BILL IN SPACE. MR. BILL'S NEIGHBORHOOD was conceived and designed by the creator and producer of MR. BILL, Walter Williams. We swear the game offers all the spontaneous thrills and laughs of a MR. BILL movie. To save MR. BILL, see your DATA AGE distributor. MR. BILL'S NEIGHBORHOOD will be available April 1983."
1982 CES literature description: "No one has ever returned from the deadly cosmic portal, yet driven by intense curiosity you enter. Suddenly you plunge into a negative universe and find yourself on a labyrinth of narrow walkways spanning a sea of deadly liquid nitrogen. You let out a sign of relief a moment too soon as the sharp pain in your throat tells you that the air is as deadly as the sea. Your only hope for survival is the Korbinian cubes -- an energy rich diet that will also neutralize the poisonous air. In sheer desperation you run for your life to the nearest cube.
Just then you confront the diabolical Dylak, an ammonia breathing monster lurking in the dark corners. His purpose: guard the Korbinian cubes and destroy the intruder. With only seconds of life remaining, you must avoid Dylak and retrieve the cube. You make it just in time. As you absorb its energy, you achieve super strength, possibly enough to push Dylak into the deadly sea. But beware! Your strength is short lived. Soon you will need another cube."
A prototype was found in early 2003 (picture #2).
ENTEX 2000 PIGGYBACK COLOR COMPUTER
Yet another in a long line of announced keyboard add-ons that were announced for the 2600 but never released. The Piggyback was to feature a 70-key full-stroke keyboard including 4 cursor movement keys and 9 function keys. It was Z80-based, had 8K of built-in BASIC,and 3K of memory (2K of user-accessible RAM and 1K of video RAM), which was expandable to 16K via a Memory Expansion Cartridge (which included a cassette interface). The display offered 128 characters and a 32x16 character display. At least 4 cartridges (priced at $35 each) were to be ready at launch, with 6 more to follow by June. Planned titles were Basic Programming, Beginning Algebra, Beginning Math, Computer Typing, Home Finance, Number Games, Speed Reading, Spelling I, Sports Statistics, and Word Games. According to a company letter, it was compatible with the 2600 and 2600A models, as well as the Coleco Gemini, Colecovision Expansion Module #1, Columbia Home Arcade, and the Intellivision Expansion System Changer. And with 1 of 3 $7 Converters, it was compatible with the Atari 5200, Colecovision, Intellivision I and II, Sears Super Video Arcade, and Radio Shack Tandyvision. A separate Peripheral Expansion Module I (with RS-232, Parallel I/O, and 2 cartridge ports) was to follow shortly after the computer's release, which enabled the Piggyback to interface with a use of a printer and modem, and offered an additional 16K, for a total of 34K RAM. A disk drive controller was also planned. Literature showed 2 different name plates on the unit - one said "PIGGY BACK" and the other said "ENTEX 2000 PIGGY BACK". The Piggyback was slated to launch in May and sell for $125.
ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE, THE; ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE KIT
An integrated exercise bike system very similar to Atari's unreleased Puffer. 1984 flyer description: "The ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE created by EXUS Corporation, the leader in innovative fitness and health products for home and gym, represents a breakthrough in stationary/exercise bicycle technology. Now, for the first time, it is possible to carefully monitor the physical performance of the rider, including heart rate and average, approximate calorie burn while watching a graphic presentation of these and other pre-determined fitness goals on your television set. As you pedal your way to improved health, you may carefully measure your progress against goals that you have pre-selected and introduced into your own personal health program through the EXUS Computer System which is integrated into the Electronic Health Bike. The exclusive Cardio Tach with other EXUS health and fitness software programs are supplemented by EXUS Health Cycle Program, a video program that provides diversion and entertainment in the form of a highly colorful obstacle course the rider "steers" through by operating the digital controls that are part of the hand grips on the Electronic Health Bike by EXUS.
For younger family members, video games that might normally be played on an Atari 2600/VCS may also be played through the EXUS Computer on the ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE.
ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE KIT
In addition to the ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE, EXUS Corporation is pleased to introduce the ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE KIT.
The ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE KIT consists of the EXUS Computer, molded ABS plastic digital control hand grip panels (2) each having three buttons that control all program functions and an electronic sensor that interacts with the host bike's speedometer. The Kit also includes all EXUS health programs as well as the Health Cycle with program. The ELECTRONIC HEALTH BIKE will adapt to virtually all standard stationary exercise bicycles and is packaged in an attractive self-selling display carton. An illustrated folder provides complete hook-up instructions."
HEALTH CYCLE PROGRAM
Was to be included with the Electronic Health Bike.
Based on the Konami arcade game, which was licensed to Stern Electronics. The player controls a snake-like ship moving around a number of mazes chasing three similar computer controlled ships. Being hit by bullets reduces the length of the ships. Ships are destroyed either when their length is reduced to zero or when they collide with a longer ship. Jungler was actually shown at the 1983 Winter CES by Gakken, but it was the only one of its planned titles which never saw the light of day.
Before Konami decided to produce games by itself for the 2600, Gakken had acquired the worldwide home rights to Jungler, Pooyan, and Strategy X. Curiously, Gakken decided against releasing its games in the U.S. market, opting instead to provide games for PAL countries. This opened the door for Konami to publish its games in North America under it's own name, but they used the same label design and font Gakken used for their fliers.
Before Konami decided to produce games by itself for the 2600, Gakken had acquired the worldwide home rights to Jungler, Pooyan, and Strategy X. Curiously, Gakken decided against releasing its games in the U.S. market, opting instead to provide games for PAL countries. This opened the door for Konami to publish its games in North America under it's own name, but they used the same label design and font Gakken used for their fliers.
GAMES PEOPLE PLAY
An X-rated game that never saw the light of day. This title was mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player. Box art appeared on a French flyer.
GREAT GAMES COMPANY
Joker's Wild, The
Price Is Right, The
Wheel of Fortune
All were to be based on their respective TV game shows, and were announced at the 1983 Toy Fair show. Jeopardy! was later released for the Genesis. A pamplet refers to it as Password but a flyer refers to it as Password Plus (there were 2 different versions of the TV show - the original Password ran from 1961-67; Password Plus ran from 1979-82). A news blurb in the February 1983 issue of Videogaming Illustrated (pg. 8) also refers to it as simply Password. Pamphlet description: "It takes more than clever clues to win!". Wheel of Fortune pamphlet description: "There's more than luck involved!" It was later released for the Genesis, NES, and SNES.
Different artwork was made for it (picture #1), when it was known by its original title – Escape From Argos. It was eventually released with a different name and artwork (picture #2).
The original artwork shown (picture #1) is much different from that shown on the actual release (picture #2).
Originally shown at a CES show (possibly January 1983, according to historian Leonard Herman). The game was never released because of lack of interest during Imagic's testing phase. Fellow Imagic alumni Bob Smith brought this title, along with a prototype box for it, at CGE99. After the show, programmer Brad Stewart gave permission for the ROM image to be shared with the classic community. Included on the 2003 Activision Anthology and Remix packages. At least 2 of Rob Fulop's Cubicolor carts (#12 of 50, and #48) were originally labeled "Balloon Race". A news blurb in the April 1983 issue of Videogaming Illustrated (pg. 77) states, "The player is a World War I flying ace in an observation balloon crossing enemy lines. Firepower from below and whimsical winds from above are but a few of the challenges the ace must face."
The mock-up photo (picture #1) shows a multitude of objects (including a biplane, which is depicted in the artwork). Most of these actually appear in the game - see this article for more info. Although the game was planned to be a race between 2 hot air balloons, the name and artwork seem to suggest something more war-themed. Picture #2 is an actual screenshot from the prototype. Picture #3 is the prototype cart.
Catalog description: “This exciting game is the 3-D version of the popular amusement game “SCRAMBLE” and the player can enjoy a feeling as if he were in the cockpit of the fighter plane. Take off from the aircraft carrier. Control your fighter plane and attack enemy’s territory to destroy their headquarters!! Get ready for enemy missile, antiaircraft guns and enemy formation flights. Breakthrough all the enemy’s attack using powerful missiles and machine guns. And then, come back safe to the aircraft carrier.”
The same style of logo (pictures #1 and #2) was used for the original coin-op Konami releases (pictures #3 and #4).
M NETWORK (MATTEL)
(More information on unreleased/unfinished M-Network games can be found HERE)
ADVANCED DUNGEON & DRAGONS: TOWER OF MYSTERY cartridge
Unfinished prototype. Originally announced at the 1983 Winter CES show and listed as "Advanced Dungeons & Dragons" (no sub-title) in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing (pg. 24). Intellivision Productions owns a prototype of this game. A description of the game from Mattel's 1983 CES press release reads: "Stuck on top of the Tower of Mystery, you must preserve your strength and protect the treasure as you attempt to escape." An early working title was "Dungeons and Dragons III". This was to be one of the 16K Super Cartridges with 2K of onboard RAM, and having 8 different types of screens. A 1984 press release catalog stated this was under development for release in 1984; unfortunately, Mattel Electronics closed in January 1984 - one month before the scheduled completion of the game. The game was 1 of only 6 Atari titles officially still in development at the time of the closing. All that survives is the demo shown at the January 1984 CES in Las Vegas, and later at CGE99. A few copies have been circulated amongst a select few individuals (Sean Kelly and Matt Reichert, to name but two); hopefully one day they'll share it with the rest of us.
Never completed. It’s a 16K game, which also required 2K of onboard RAM. Pictures #3-#5 are from the actual prototype. Catalog description: “Stuck on top of the Tower of Mystery, you must preserve your strength and protect the treasure as you attempt to escape.”
ADVANCED DUNGEON & DRAGONS: TREASURE OF TARMIN cartridge
Completed prototype. Based on the Intellivision game designed by Tom Loughry and programmed by Synth Corporation. Originally announced at the 1983 Winter CES show and listed as "Advanced Dungeons & Dragons" (no sub-title) in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing (pg. 24) and planned for a 1983 release, according to Mattel's 1983 press kit. A 1984 press release catalog stated this was under development for release in 1984 and it was shown at the January 1984 CES in Las Vegas; unfortunately, Mattel Electronics closed in January 1984. A box was even shown for it in a Mattel flyer, much like those for the later releases (such as Bump 'n' Jump). Catalog description: "You've found the secret map to the underground lair of the dreaded Minotaur. You can go in, but you'll never come out unless you slay the Minotaur and claim the Tarmin treasure. As you make your way through the hallways and chambers, monsters wield their conventional or spiritual weapons. You must gather the proper defenses along the way. But use them sparingly, the Minotaur looms closer!" The game was later shown at CGE99. A few copies have been circulated amongst a select few individuals (Sean Kelly and Matt Reichert, to name but two) (pictures #2 and #3 are from the actual prototype); hopefully one day they'll share it with the rest of us.
Never completed. Combination of two other games that were in development – Computer Revenge and Moon Corridors (which was similar to Battlezone). Marketing description: “You are captain of a star ship entering unknown planets filled with hostile computer units. Score points by attacking the computer force and hitting the computer units. Your mission is complete when the full quadrant of planets is free of the computer force. Monitor your fuel supply, shield strength, and phaser power. Use radar to locate units. Add fuel by finding the computer friendlies. 3-dimensional graphics. Scrolling grid. 1 player game.”
Originally planned for a 1983 release, according to 1983 press kit catalog. The game was shown at the 1983 Winter CES. Mentioned in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing (pg. 24) and described as, "You must defend the human race against hostile computers."
Never completed. An original game by Jeff Ratcliff. He was later pulled off the game to work on Masters of the Universe II. Game description: “You must protect the cloud city of Cumulus from descending enemy ships. Your first line of defense are battle pods that float above the city. If the ships manage to destroy your pods, you must fight the enemy on the planet surface where they will attack the generators that project a protective energy shield around the city. Should the generators be destroyed, the city is doomed!”
Although all the screenshots used in their catalogs are artist renderings, the "available soon" one shown for this game (picture #1) didn't even have the correct colors (picture #2). Even when the game became available, the screenshot was never corrected in later catalogs.
Unfinished game by Stephen Tatsumi. The drawing is from Tatsumi’s original written proposal for the game. Game description: “You control the Flapper to rescue baby Flappers from an underground maze. The maze is filled with snakes, bats, and ghosts. Cave-ins and landslides keep opening and closing the tunnels. Luckily, the Flapper is a unique fellow: he has three types of beanies – chopper for flying, gun for shooting, umbrella for protection – and four interchangeable types of legs: flying, jumping, running, and walking. You have to find and change the appropriate beanie and legs for him to overcome the obstacles and rescue the babies!”
IN SEARCH OF THE GOLDEN SKULL
Picture #1 is from an Amiga catalog. Picture #2 is an actual screenshot from the prototype. Programmed by VideoSoft for Mattel. It’s a 16K game, which also required 2K of onboard RAM. Catalog description: “Your engaged in a worldwide search for a priceless artifact – a solid gold, prehistoric human skull. Use the treasure map to determine the Golden Skull’s location, then begin your perilous search. Along the way you’ll encounter air battles, steaming swamps, and the pyramid maze. How far will your obsession take you! (One player).” A few copies have been circulated amongst a select few individuals (Sean Kelly and Matt Reichert, to name but two); hopefully one day they'll share it with the rest of us.
The catalog entry (picture #1) shows a horizontally-scrolling game similar to the Intellivision version, whereas the released version is a vertical affair (picture #2). Mock-up, or accurate representation of an earlier version? The screenshot was corrected in revision 3 of their catalog.
A game where players control a train on railroad tracks. Originally planned for a 1983 release, according to 1983 press kit catalog (picture #1). The game was shown at the 1983 Winter CES. Mentioned in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing (pg. 23) and May 1983 (pg. 24) and October 1983 (pg. 30) issues of Electronic Games (pg. 24). A few copies have been circulated amongst a select few individuals (Sean Kelly and Matt Reichert, to name but two) (picture #2); hopefully one day they'll share it with the rest of us.
Port of the Data East arcade game. The artwork is from a 1983 full-size press catalog. A picture of a cart (picture #2) appeared online, but it’s unknown whether or not this is a mock-up (used for advertising) or a fake. According to the Keith Robinson (of the Blue Sky Rangers), programming for the VCS version never started.
Unfinished original game by Eric Del Sesto, which began as his training project in mid-1983. The game featured a seven-page scrolling map of the zoo with a new graphics technique called “hidden V-clocks”, which produced wider, cleaner displays (it was a programming technique that eliminated altogether the horizontal lines that appeared on the left side of the screen). The drawing is from Eric’s original written proposal for the game. Game description: “In the zoo, things have gone awry. Billy the Chimp has escaped and is up to no good. As any curious monkey would, he has managed to free the elephants! It’s up to you, as Mike the Zookeeper, to return the elephants to their cages. Once you have restored order in the elephant section, you must quickly run to the next section of cages. Perhaps you’ll have to capture the loose Koalas. Maybe you’ll have to avoid soaring hawks, battle fierce tigers, or try to grab the slippery penguins. Along the way, you’ll find items which will be of help to you, such as a bag of peanuts or a net. So grab your hat and stop this monkey business!”
The catalog screenshot (picture #1) is noticeably different from the actual game (picture #2), as it shows the bases on the sides of the screen, as opposed to the top and bottom.
TRON DEADLY DISCS
The catalog screenshot (picture #2) is noticeably different from the actual game (picture #2), as it shows a grid in the playing area.
WINTER OLYMPICS XIV
From a news blurb in the August 1983 (pg. 14) issue of Electronic Games: "Mattel has revealed plans to produce a Winter Olympics cartridge. The XIV Winter Olympics title has been designated as the official videogame of the 1984 Olympics, to be held in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. Created for plan on the Intellivision, and as an M Network title for use with the Atari 2600, the game from the company that previously published U.S. Ski Team Skiing allows arcaders a crack at the "ski jump" and/or "bobsled" events in this one, only this time on electronic versions of the actual Winter Olympics courses."
ARMORED COMMANDER + TANK BLITZ
Shown in a 1984 catalog. Was to be the 3rd specialized “Commander” controller in the Power Arcade series, along with Flight Commander and Cosmic Commander. Catalog description: “Now video game fans can use a hand controller with some of the trappings you might expect in a real battle tank! Players push both handles forward or back to move tank on TV screen. Tank on screen comes to a stop when one handle is pulled forward and the other pushed back. Picture in gun sight lights up, controller vibrates when ‘Fire’ buttons are pushed. Comes with ‘Tank Blitz’ game cartridge.” An unnamed prototype was found in 2013 that might possibly be the game (picture #3).
This was a cheaper variant of the TI-99/4a MBX Expander controller, but without the 3 auxiliary buttons and the rotating top. Although never released, a few prototypes are known to exist. Somehow Atari ended up releasing it as the Space Age joystick.
Port of the arcade game by Konami.
Alternate artwork was shown in company literature.
This was one of the 3 games that Western Tech was originally developing for Kenner, back in 1981; when they backed out, Milton Bradley picked up the rights to it. We're guessing this was going to be similar to the Vectrex version. Milton-Bradley planned to create games for the VCS to be distributed under the GCE name. A sell sheet from their 1983 CES Press Kit had this to say: "Congratulations on your Starship command! Your mission: Seek out and destroy the enemy Klingon Mother ship. Chart your way through unexplored sectors of the galaxy, wary of hostile spacecraft and their deadly torpedoes. Transport yourself through mysterious Black Holes to face unknown new dangers. Let lasers and protective shields help you survive, but careful not to drain your fuel supply!".
Alternate artwork was shown in company literature.
BATTLE OF THE SEXES
According to the programmer Michael Case, the game was finished but the only known copy was left with the designer: "It involved male and female figures coming together from the top and bottom of the screen, to either shoot each other or screw each other. It wasn't as good (as Harem). It was basically like Pong. I knocked it out in a few weeks so we could say we had two games when we approached distributors." The October 1983 issue of Videogaming Illustrated featured a quote from Eugene Finkei about the game: "Battle of the Sexes is played simultaneously by two players. It's very innocent. Each player has surrogate partners scrolling across the screen. Each player must score with as many surrogates as possible while trying to knock out the surrogates of the other partner. There are different skill levels and variations. It can be played by two guys with girls scrolling across the screen. To score, the player directs the figure to bounce together with the surrogate for a fraction of a second. No genitalia. And you don't shoot the other surrogates, you merely get them out of the way." Below is a flyer for the game.
The October 1983 issue of Videogaming Illustrated featured an article on adult-themed video games, which included these actual screenshots (picture #1) of Multivision's unreleased game, Harem. Picture #2 is a flyer for the game. Scott Stilphen tracked down the game's programmer in 2007 and released the ROM with his permission (interview). Pictures #3 and #4 are of the actual game.
An early catalog entry shows different box art (picture #1) from the released version (picture #2).
Boxes were shown in photos at the 1983 CES for the 2600, Colecovision, and Commodore 64. A press-release description mentions the 2600 version having 4 screens, and the Colecovision and C-64 versions having 5 (the arcade had 6). Philip Orbanes, who was the Senior VP for Research & Development at Parker Brothers at the time, had this to say about it: "I saw the first work on Circus Charlie for the Atari 2600. 1984 was a year of turmoil inside Parker, esp. in regards video games due to the rapid downturn in the retail market. Heartbreakingly, we laid off 95% of our formerly booming electronics R&D staff. During this process, Circus Charlie was canceled and no one had the prescience, or will, to archive unfinished work."
THE INCREDIBLE HULK
G.I. JOE: COBRA STRIKE
A prototype box (pictures #1 and #2) exists that was shown in some ads and in Parker Brothers' 1983 100th Anniversary catalog (picture #3). It features the same cover artwork as a comic (picture #4) that was likely out in mid to late 1981. The released version (picture #5) has different artwork.
JAMES BOND 007
The mystery surrounding this game is worthy of a secret agent. Charlie Heath worked on a demo version based on the final scene in Moonraker, before leaving Parker Bros in late '82, but no copies of the game exist.
The first artwork/promotional material that appeared listed the title as JAMES BOND 007 and depicted the same artwork (picture #1) shown on the movie poster for Live and Let Die (picture #2).
Later ads - complete with a screenshot, a box, and even fake reviews and catalog entries (pictures #3 and #4) - have it as JAMES BOND 007 As Seen In Octopussy. The title was reworked as JAMES BOND AGENT 007 and first appeared in a press release from Parker Brothers and later in a catalog with a picture similar to that of the Octopussy version (pictures #5 - #7). The 3 existing screens depict the film’s famous train fight scene. Bill Kunkel claimed to have played this at a CES show, as does historian Leonard Herman. A photo of the Intellivision prototype version (picture #8) appeared in the October 1983 issue of Video Games (pg. 29). The description of the game in the company's catalog reads: "Based on the daring train sequence from the James Bond adventure, Octopussy. Take the train ride of your life with Agent 007 in this fast moving action video adventure. A deadly knife-thrower and some trigger happy gunmen are on your heels as you battle across the top of a speeding train. Think fast - and act even faster - as you try to avoid their attacks without being knocked off the train." According to Joe Gaucher (programmer of the released version), "Actually the company (Western Technologies) that was previously working on that game never finished it and that’s why Parker Bros came to my company (On Time Software) because they were 1 year behind schedule in releasing a Bond title. You must remember that WT was a little perturbed that we 'stole' their contracts with Parker Bros for development. But in the words of Parker, we did a much better product and we were 'on time' with our deliverables." A few promo boxes for the game were produced, which features a close-up photo of Roger Moore (picture #9).
The released version is based on 3 different movies - Diamonds Are Forever, Moonraker, and The Spy Who Loved Me - though all these "missions" are basically the same game. The box art is the same featured in the earlier ads and catalog entries (picture #10).
THE LORD OF THE RINGS: JOURNEY TO RIVENDELL
Early catalog screen depictions showed fences (picture #1). The graphics for these were found in the program, at byte locations $028f - $029d, along with some of the code used to display them. Picture #2 shows how they appear in the game after the missing parts of the code were reconstructed. For more information, check out this article.
The early catalog screenshot (picture #1) resembles the (very) incomplete prototype that was found (picture #2). 2 different prototype versions have been discovered for the Atari 400/800 computers, which are far more developed (but still unfinished) - you can see pictures of them HERE.
2 different boxes were shown in catalogs (pictures #1 and #2). The released version is a combination of the title font from one and the art style from the other (picture #3).
A port of a very obscure 1981 Nintendo game. The catalog screenshot (picture #1) shows a horizontally-scrolling game (much like the arcade version), with the actual game being vertically-scrolling. There is a section of the 2nd maze that looks very similar to the catalog picture (picture #2), so perhaps it was a perspective error on the artist’s part.
An early catalog entry shows box art with different coloring (picture #1) from the released version (picture #2).
STAR WARS: JEDI ARENA
Early box artwork that was shown in some ads and catalogs has a less-realistic sketch of Mark Hamill's Luke Skywalker character (picture #1) than the released version (picture #2).
STAR WARS: RETURN OF THE JEDI - EWOK ADVENTURE
Announced by Parker Bros in 1983 but never released. Other than a lack of music, this game seems complete. Early on in development it was referred to as "Revenge of the Jedi Game I", and a few prototype boxes (same ones shown in some catalogs) with that name have been found. Box art was shown in a 1983 catalog (picture #1), which was the same art used for the Star Wars: Revenge of the Jedi - Game I promotional box. Tim Hildebrant (of the Brothers Hildebrant) did some artwork, which might have been used for the final packaging (picture #2). The game was reproduced and distributed in Paker Bros-labeled cases at the New England Classic Gamers meeting in July 2003. John Bennett discovered the first copy, which was obtained from his father's friend, who worked at Parker Brothers. An article (with screenshots) appeared in the Sept/Oct 1996 issue of "2600 Connection" but John never released a copy. A PAL version was discovered in 2001 by Marco Kerstens and released at the Eurocon show that year. An NTSC version was discovered and released by Scott Stilphen in 2007. An early catalog screenshot (picture #3) shows the base at the bottom of the screen, instead of the top (picture #4).
STAR WARS: REVENGE OF THE JEDI - GAME I
Pictured in a 1983 CES Press Kit along with the text: "Game play based on exciting scenes from the popular movie Revenge of the Jedi." Also shown in Parker Brothers' 100th Anniversary catalog (picture #1) as well as in an international catalog. The box for this game actually exists and it's thought some were given out as promotional "coming-soon" items to stores. The same artwork was later used for Star Wars: Return of the Jedi - Ewok Adventure. 2 different prototype boxes were found for the Intellivision version as well (pictures #23 and #3).
STAR WARS: REVENGE OF THE JEDI - GAME II
Pictured in a 1983 CES Press Kit along with the text: "Game play based on exciting scenes from the popular movie Revenge of the Jedi." Also shown in Parker Brothers' 100th Anniversary catalog (picture #1) as well as in an international catalog. A prototype box exists (picture #2) and it's thought some were given out as promotional "coming-soon" items to stores. 2 different prototype boxes were found for the Intellivision version as well (pictures #3 and #4).
An early catalog entry shows different box art (picture #1) from the released version (picture #2).
PROBE 2000 (NAP)
POWER LORDS: QUEST FOR VOLCAN
Based on the Revell action-figure toys and licensed by Strongin-Mayem, International. The game was developed after the Colecovision and Odyssey 2 versions. Scheduled release date was September, 1983. A description of the game from NAP's 1983 Summer CES press kit reads: "Adam, Leader of the Lords, and Shaya, Queen of Power, are extra-terrestrial warriors who battle deadly aliens on the mystical Volcan Rock. Using lasers to fight the alien space serpent, the Power Lords can gain entry into the rock and search its endless chambers for the glowing touchstone that activates powerful anti-alien weapons and devices." At least 2 prototypes are known to exist and and the game only has 2 screens (it’s missing the stairway screen found in the Colecovision version). A description of the game from NAP's 1983 Summer CES press kit reads: "Adam, Leader of the Lords, and Shaya, Queen of Power, are extra-terrestrial warriors who battle deadly aliens on the mystical Volcan Rock. Using lasers to fight the alien space serpent, the Power Lords can gain entry into the rock and search its endless chambers for the glowing touchstone that activates powerful anti-alien weapons and devices."
PURSUIT OF THE PINK PANTHER
The Odyssey guys planned to bring games to the VCS/2600 (under the Probe 2000 label) and bought the game from U.S. Games, as reported in the October 1983 issue of Video Games. It was announced in NAP’s 1983 Summer CES literature as "The Pink Panther", "Pink Panther: The Video Game", and "Adventures of the Pink Panther" before NAP's marketing finally settled on "Pursuit of the Pink Panther" (as shown in the November 1983 issue of Videogaming Illustrated; an Atari 8-bit version also exists with the same name). Scheduled release date was September 1983. A screenshot was shown in the January 1984 issue of Electronic Fun with Computers & Games (page 10) and mentioned NAP permanently cancelled it (along with Lord of the Dungeon and Power Lords) due to problems with the RAM chips used in the carts. However, according to an interview with Bob Harris in the spring 2001 issue of Classic Gamer, NAP hired a company to fabricate the custom RAM/ROM chip that U.S. Games had developed for Pink Panther, but unfortunately, the new chips failed and the Probe 2000 division was shut down as a result. Description: "Players control the Pink Panther as he sneakily makes his way through several screens, attempting to outwit the Inspector. For his final challenge, he must dangle from a swinging rope, steal the famous Pink Panther diamond and escape unnoticed." The Pink Panther is the property of and was licensed by MGM-UA Home Entertainment Group, Inc. At least 6 prototypes are known to exist, along with at least 50 reproduction copies, made by Jose Artiles and Roman Sharnberg. See this article for more information.
Based on the movie of the same name. Mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player.
BUCK ROGERS: CAVERNS OF ZAGREB
Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Also mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player and April 1983 issue of Creative Computing.
BUCK ROGERS: MARATHON OF ZENDA
Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Also mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player and April 1983 issue of Creative Computing.
BUCK ROGERS: SECRETS OF ZADAR
Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Also mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player and April 1983 issue of Creative Computing.
Mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player.
FRIDAY THE 13th
This game isn’t based on the movie by the same name, but rather the nasty things that can happen to a person on Friday 13th. 'Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Also mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player and April 1983 issue of Creative Computing. This title was scheduled for an October 1983 release.
Based on the TV show of the same name.
Mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player. Based on the TV show of the same name.
Described in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing as a “cute cartoon game”.
STAR TREK II: IN SEARCH OF SPOCK
This one is a bit of a mystery. It was mentioned in flyers. Why it's titled “II” and not “III” is unknown, since the second Star Trek movie was already out by the time this was shown. Most likely a typo by the artist.
STAR TREK II: THE WRATH OF KHAN
Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Also mentioned in the Aug./Sep. 1983 issue of Video Games Player and April 1983 issue of Creative Computing. Based on the movie of the same name.
Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Also mentioned in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing. The 2nd box (picture #2) has the same artwork as Sub-Scan, and given the original artwork, we're 99% sure Subterfuge was an early name for Sub-Scan.
WAR OF THE WORLDS
Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Also mentioned in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing. The box art resembles the design of the Martian war machines from the 1953 movie.
Released for the VIC-20 (pictures #2 and #3). Catalog description: “After many years of futility, your search is over! You have found the kingdom of Meese. Power and riches shall soon be yours. But remember the legend of Meese. Are there really creatures called ‘Meese-kites’? Are the ‘Magic Lips’ still hidden below? Are you brave enough to find out?”
The 1st artist rendering screenshot (picture #1) is from an early 1982 catalog, and looks nothing like the actual game. A later version (picture #2) is from a later catalog the same year (titled “Meet the Challenge Vol II 11/82”, which is accurate to the actual game (picture #4). The box art is completely different as well (picture #3).
This is a 42-key touch pad-style computer add-on that adds 16K ROM, 2K RAM, a 2-channel + 2 octave music composer, BASIC, and Magic Easel. The unit looks like a small keyboard connected to a cartridge, which has 2 cables that connect to the controller ports. It has 3 function/display modes: Text (which runs BASIC), Graphic (which runs Magic Easel) and Music. Magic Easel allows you to create photos (with up to 10 different colors) and animations (up to 9 frames) using the joystick). Originally sold for $79.99. This was once quite rare to find until a large quantity surfaced in Venezuela in 2010. The photo shown in the company flyer shows a prototype version (pictures #1 and #2), which is different from the released version (picture #3).
DRIVE ‘EM KRAZY
Port of the (very obscure) Status Games arcade game. Catalog description: “A Spectravideo exclusive! Now the popular arcade game from Status Games comes to the home with al the action of the original arcade version! Drive ‘em Krazy is a fast action car chase that is sure to drive you crazy!”
Catalog description: “Far away from the civilized world high above the clouds likes ‘Eagle Mountain’. Many stories are told by the natives about the great treasures hidden in a secret labyrinth high on the peak. No one knows for sure how many brave souls have attempted the journey up the Eagle Mountain – none have returned. We dare you to take the journey!”
Announced at the 1983 Winter CES. Catalog description: “Intergalactic war has broken out between those troublesome ‘MORPULS’ from the planet ‘TZORIS’ and the ‘MIRPODS’ from the planet ‘MAMZER’. As a SPECTRA-WARRIOR, your mission is to protect the ‘GLACTIC TACTIC’ border observation station, and prevent contact between the MORPULS and MIRPODS. The ‘GLACTIC TACTIC’ is protected by a high energy force field and bi-directional laser cannons. The entire universe is depending on you!”
Catalog description: “The planet Spectra has enjoyed many years of peace and prosperity since the evil Morpils from the Planet ‘Tzoris’ were defeated. But now an evil force permeates the galaxy. The long range sensors have detected a strange war machine in the Delta Quadrant. As a member of ‘Legion of the Chosen’ it’s your duty to destroy this unknown enemy before it can enter the ‘SPECTRASPHERE’. Little did you know that this mysterious force is the evil ‘Master Cylinder’.“
Judging from the artwork, this looked to be a variant on Surround. Catalog description: “Strategy is the name of the game! Challenge your opponent or the computer to fill the screen with PROTOBOBS. Capture the majority of the battlefield to win. Endless possibilities and combinations of play are sure to make this game a classic!”
ROMPER ROOM SERIES
A series of early learning educational programs. Titles were DoBee’s First Alphabet, Romper Room’s Countdown to Fun, and The Street Where You Live. Catalog description: “Spectravideo is pleased to announce the official Romper Room series of early learning educational programs. Join ‘DoBee’ and his friends in teaching pre-schoolers about numbers, the alphabet and much more. Our experts use the latest in proven educational methods to educate and entertain children. These series of programs will add new value to your computer system.”
Featured “Spectra-Sound” (speech) – first in a series of planned games. Catalog description: “At the core of army defense command lies ‘Sector Alpha’. Equipped with the latest computerized defense console, your mission is to repel the invading enemy. The attack force is both by air and armoured land assault. Only Sector Alpha remains to save the battle!”
Catalog description: “The following message has been sent to SPECTRA COMMAND: ATTENTION ALL INHABITANTS OF SPECTA ‘We are the Shieppers from the planet Yutz. Our planet can no longer sustain our life form, so we have chose the planet SPECTRA as our new home. We have placed two metanomic bombs somewhere in the future or past of your planet. If you surrender immediately, your lives will be spared and you will become our slaves. If you do not respond in 24 hours – you’ll be destroyed!’ As a member of the Legion of the Chosen, you are the only one capable of using the time penetrator to save Spectra!”
Variation on Pachinko. Catalog description: “The famous oriental game of ‘Pachinko’ comes to VCS with an interesting twist! Catch the pellets as they randomly fall from the grid. Only true skill can meet the challenge of the fast paced game.”
Shown at the 1983 Winter CES, along with versions for the Atari computers, Vic 20 and TI 99/4A, and described in the April 1983 issue of Creative Computing as requiring typical red/blue 3-D ‘movie’ glasses (LINK). Gameplay involved “navigating your ship through a meteor shower while defending yourself from alien attack ships” (pretty much verbatim from the catalog description). According to a press release, there was a pending patent for this game. The artwork bears the signature “M. Fong”. Catalog description: “Introducing the world’s first real 3-D video game for the home! Put on your special ‘Spectra-Vision’ 3-D Glasses and get ready for the most unusual game experience ever! Maneuver your spectra shuttle through the meteor showers and repel the Hostile Invaders in this action packed thriller. Once again, Spectravideo adds a new dimension in computer game software!”
The original name for this was Excalibur. Picture #1 shows the artwork for it. Picture #2 was the early artwork for DragonStomper (note that the title is two words). Picture #3 is the released artwork.
A prototype version (picture #1) exists, which is different from the released version (picture #2). This is an add-on device that improves the Atari VCS memory, graphics, and sound capability. The unit itself contains 6K RAM and 2K ROM. ROM is in top 2K and RAM is banked in lower 2K. Games were distributed on cassette tape. By plugging the Supercharger into the VCS and connecting its cable (with a standard 1/8" jack on the end) to a standard cassette tape player, games could be "loaded in" to memory. The Supercharger unit contains 2K of ROM, but more importantly it adds an additional 6K of screen RAM to the VCS (a huge improvement over the hardware's 128 bytes). Phaser Patrol was also included. The unit initially retailed for $70, but in January 1983 the price was reduced to $45.
SWEAT: THE DECATHLON GAME
2 different versions have been found. The first (picture #3) was on the Cyberpunks' compilations, "Stella Gets A New Brain" (1996 and 1999 respectively. Only 350 copies of the original release were made). A second version was discovered by Scott Stilphen and shown at CGE2K4 (picture #4). Unfortunately the game was never finished. With the merger between Epyx and Starpath in 1983, the concept was reborn as Summer Games. An early marketing photo (picture #1) ended up being a picture of the later prototype version that was found (picture #4); the earlier version has a smaller athlete (picture #3). The 2nd photo (picture #2) was on the Stella Gets A New Brain CD but it’s unknown where it originally came from. For more information go HERE.
Similar to BurgerTime. The picture is from a brochure. Leonard Herman claims this was shown at the 1983 Summer CES show. Description: "You're a prisoner in a Sorcerer's train factory. The only way out is to build your own train. Put all the right parts together in the right order. But watch out! Even the tools try to stop you. They come to life and attack. Hammers, wrenches, and nails fly at you from every angle and you have only an oil can to give them the slip. In LOCOMOTIVE!" VTech released a version for their CreatiVision system.
U.S. GAMES (QUAKER OATS)
TRAIL OF THE PINK PANTHER
Shown in a 1983 CES Press Kit. This was likely the early name for Sea-Hawk, (which was later released by Sancho and others).
COMPUTER VIDEO SYSTEM
This was to be an all-in-one portable (Z-80 based) computer and video game system, with 12K of ROM, 64K of RAM (expandable to 128K), a built-in 10" color TV (with composite video input), stereo sound system, and features such as 3-D graphics, zoom, and "other special effects". It also claimed to be compatible with Apple II peripherals & software, IBM/PC software, and CP/M software. Several accessories were planned as well, including 16-position joysticks with dual fire buttons, a headset, auto cigarette lighter adapter, joystick extension cords (in 6, 9, or 12-foot lengths), console cover, and expansion modules (priced at $79.95 each) for playing either VCS or Colecovision carts. Suggested retail price varied between $499 and $1,000. Ultravision also planned at least 12 titles specifically for the system (not for the VCS), priced at $49.95: Air-Sea Attack, B-52 Bomber, Baseball Best (aka Baseball Top), Condor Attack II, Dare Devil Driver (aka Dare Driver), Emergency I, Football, Karate II, Quest for the Idol II, Space War, Spider Kong II, Swimming Meet (AKA Swimming Contest), and Unexpected Danger (aka Unexpected Dangers). The 2nd photo is from the May 1983 issue of Video (pg. 70) and shows the Apple II game Dung Beetles on the screen.
Shown in a 1983 CES Press Kit. This was the planned expansion module for the Computer Video System to allow one to play Atari VCS/2600 carts (and compatible controllers). Suggested retail price was either $79.95 or $77.95.
QUEST FOR THE IDOL
Shown in a 1983 CES Press Kit.
Shown at the 1983 Winter CES. An unreleased add-on peripheral similar to the Supercharger, except that it includes a built-in tape deck, and the entire unit plugged into the 2600's cartridge slot. Games specifically developed for the Expander were to take advantage of the additional memory (16K) to produce better graphics and enhanced game play, and were to be sold in cassette format and retail for under $15. High scores could be saved via a feature called Gamescore. The system had a cartridge slot on the top for use either with standard VCS carts or an optional 16K memory expansion. Other options included special Gamealbum cassettes which contained four 4K games. The screenshot in the first picture appears similar to that of Radio Shacks' Color Computer - same color scheme and maximum of 32 characters per line. Btw, the man holding the joystick in the second photo is Paul Walters.
The Expander II had all the features of the Expander I and included its own 8K BASIC cassette program, Expander BASIC (though one press release stated it was built-in to the keyboard...), but allowed for optional devices to be connected (Expander Keyboard, Expander Printer, and Expander Modem). In addition, they had plans for optional equipment like a Speech Program, which turned the system into a Speech Text Synthesizer, along with a Home Improvement program, plus VideoComp Command joysticks. Note that the literature mentions a 64-key keyboard, but a 55-key keyboard is shown.
Several of Unitronics' cassette games were to be developed in a joint venture with ET Marketing, which was a coin-op manufacturer in Arizona. Some of the tentative titles were:
"Space Invaders clone"
Those Little Buggers (AKA Buggers)
This game was to become the 1st sequel to Rescue Terra I. It was later sold to Imagic, and renamed Laser Gates. A description of the game from the company's 1983 CES press release reads: "You have reached Terra I and must now fight your way to a centralized computer system located at the planet's core. The objective of the game is to destroy the computer system and return control of the planet to the colonists. Your task will involve a great deal of skill and an element of luck." A prototype was found by John Hardie in 2010 that shows the VentureVision logo onscreen, where Imagic's copyright is.
This was the 2nd sequel to Rescue Terra I. The first screenshot below was shown in the April '83 issue of Videogaming Illustrated; the second appeared in the May/June 1983 issue of Tilt. A description of the game from the company's 1983 CES press release reads: "You have traveled to Terra I and destroyed the computer system thus returning planetary control to the colonists. Terra I is now shipping Zenbar crystals to Earth's solar reactors for energy conservation. Solar Defense is a 4K game depicting action on one of Earth's orbiting solar reactors. The station is under heavy alien attack and you have all you can do to defend it. Help is on the way if you can hold on long enough."
WIZARD VIDEO GAMES
THE TEXAS CHAINSAW MASSACRE
A prototype version exists (picture #1) that is completely different from the released version (picture #2). It's not so much a prototype but rather the original version of the game that was intended for release. It's easy to see why it wasn't, as there's nothing horrifying about 2 stick figures running around in Pengo's Technicolor Dreamcoat. If you've ever wondered why the box artwork on the released version shows someone shooting Leatherface (when the game's victims aren't armed), a prototype box was found with the same artwork (picture #3), so the artwork was definitely intended for the original version.
HERCULES VS. THE TITANS
The catalog screenshot (picture #1) is accurate to the Atari 400/800 version that was released (pictures #2 and #3). Catalog description: “It’s you against dangerous mine fields and killer satellites. Your mission – to protect cargo ships loaded with precious gems as you escort them back home from a five year mining trip on the moons of Zeta III. Things will be a lot easier when – if – you get through this perilous section of the galaxy. You’ll also have to contend with mysterious time beacons along the way. Can you believe your eyes as time itself seems to speed up and slow down?”
Catalog description: “You wouldn’t want to drop water balloons on poor, unsuspecting citizens, would you? You would? Then climb aboard Kerplop’s mischievous hot air balloon, float high above the city and let ‘em fly. Kerplop! Sorry, mister. Kerplop! Pardon me, lady. Isn’t this fun? Funny, that cop you just hit doesn’t seem to think so.”
Aside from a catalog mock-up screen (picture #1), a pirate copy surfaced under the CCE company name (picture #2). Catalog description: “Mama mia! It’s dinner time at Mama Zabazoni’s and the pizza chef just stomped off without so much as a ‘ciao’. Uh-oh. There’re a lot of hungry customers out there waiting to chow down. And they’ve only got so much time. Why not help Mama out and make a little dough? Here come the orders – tomato, cheese and onion. That’s easy enough. Ham-onion-olive. The pace is picking up. Mushroomonioncheesehamolive – whoa! How are you going to keep your combinations from getting all mixed up?”
Mentioned in a 1983 catalog, and in a 1983 Dutch video game review book (as a VCS title). This was was the tentative name for Collision Course. The artwork is some of the coolest ever done.
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